(L. ab,from + errare,to wander). Wandering or deviating from
the usual course.
(L. accedere,to approach). Supplementary or affording aid to another
similar and generally more important vessel. Important exceptions are accessory
hepatic, renal, and splenic arteries, which are essential, tissue-sustaining,
and arteries without anastomic connections.
(G. akron,extremity + omos,shoulder). Pertaining to the acromion,
the point of the shoulder, e.g., acromial artery.
(L. from G. aorte,from aeiro,to lift up).
(L. apex,summit or tip). Referred originally to the small swollen
tuft on top of the cap of the chief priest, thus by extension, the top or
summit of any part. Apex of the heart.
(G. arteria,from aer,air + terein, to keep). The arteries
were believed to contain air.
(L. auricula,little ear). Pertaining to the auricles of the heart
or to the little finger.
(G. a+ zygon,yoke or pair). Unpaired, e.g., vena azygos.
(L. brachium,G. brachion, arm). Pertaining to the arm. Brachial blood
(L. bulbus,G. bolbos,a rounded mass or enlargement), e.g.,
(L. cardo,hinge). Of primary or preeminent importance. Cardinal vein.
(G. karos,deep sleep, from the word kar or head, from where sleep
is induced). The ancients called the arteries of the neck carotid because
they believed that when they were pressed hard, the animal became sleepy.
(G. koilia,belly). Pertaining to the celiac trunk.
(G. kephale,head). Pertaining the head.
(L. cervix,neck), e.g., cervical artery.
(L. circumflexus,bent around). Curved like a bow.
(G. kleis,boll, hook). Pertaining to the clavicle.
(L. com,together + latus, side). Small side branch.
(L. comes,companion). Companion veins.
(G. konos,a cone).
(L. corona,G. korone,encircling in the manner of a crown).
Arteries of the heart; also formerly left and right gastric arteries and veins.
(G. kystis,bladder). Pertaining to the gallbladder.
(L. ob,before or against + caput, head). Pertaining to the
(G. omphalos,the navel). Pertaining to the umbilicus.
(L. ovarium,egg receptacle). Pertaining to the ovary.
(L. palma,palm of the hand), e.g., superficial palmer artery.
(G. pan,all + kreas,flesh). Pertaining to the pancreas.
(G. perone,brooch, anything pointed for piercing or pinning, fibula).
Blood vessels of the leg.
(L. pollex,thumb, from polleo, strong). The thumb is so named
because it is stronger than the other fingers.
(L. poples,ham, back of the knee). Pertaining to the posterior surface
of the knee. It is possible that this area had a special name because the
Roman soldier wore a short skirt or kilt with the knees exposed, and a favorite
stroke in fighting was a cut behind the knee to "hamstring" the
(L. porta,gate). An entrance or gateway. The portal vein carries
nutrients to the liver.
(L. princeps,principal chief).
(L. radius,stroke of a wheel). The radial artery is on the lateral
side of the forearm.
"Anatomy Atlases", the Anatomy Atlases logo, and "A digital library of anatomy information" are all Trademarks of Michael P. D'Alessandro, M.D.
Anatomy Atlases is funded in whole by Michael P. D'Alessandro, M.D. Advertising is not accepted.
Your personal information remains confidential and is not sold, leased, or given to any third party be they reliable or not.
The information contained in Anatomy Atlases is not a substitute for the medical care and advice of your physician. There may be variations in treatment that your physician may recommend based on individual facts and circumstances.