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Anatomy Atlases: Illustrated Encyclopedia of Human Anatomic Variation: Opus II: Cardiovascular System: Renal Vessel Variations (continued). N. Diagrammatic representation of various forms of retropelvic arteries.

Illustrated Encyclopedia of Human Anatomic Variation: Opus II: Cardiovascular System

Renal Vessel Variations (continued). N. Diagrammatic representation of various forms of retropelvic arteries.

Ronald A. Bergman, PhD
Adel K. Afifi, MD, MS
Ryosuke Miyauchi, MD

Peer Review Status: Internally Peer Reviewed


Image of renal vessel variations

Upper left, typical single retropelvic artery forming an arch at the uppermost portion of renal pelvis. Upper middle, upper and middle retropelvic arteries. Upper right, lower and middle retropelvic arteries. Middle left, lower and upper retropelvic arteries, Middle center, fan-like retropelvic artery, there being an upper, middle, and lower branch (see also D and L). Middle right, retropelvic artery arising from a lower polar accessory artery. Lower, retropelvic artery directly from aorta.

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