Anatomy Atlases(tm) : A digital library of anatomy information

Home | About | FAQ | Reviews | Search

Anatomy Atlases: Illustrated Encyclopedia of Human Anatomic Variation: Opus II: Cardiovascular System: Renal Vessel Variations (continued).

Illustrated Encyclopedia of Human Anatomic Variation: Opus II: Cardiovascular System

Renal Vessel Variations (continued).

Ronald A. Bergman, PhD
Adel K. Afifi, MD, MS
Ryosuke Miyauchi, MD

Peer Review Status: Internally Peer Reviewed

Image of renal vessel variations

O. Upper, anterior view. Lower, posterior view of right kidney showing main renal vein crossing posterior aspect of pelvis.

P. Right kidney. Upper, accessory upper polar artery arising close to aorta from one of two main renal arteries. Note also accessory lower polar artery arising from aorta close to common iliac. Similar condition in left kidney but superior polar artery arises from one of two main renals close to kidney. Lower, posterior view of upper figure, showing a large renal vein and artery entering kidney back of pelvis on left side, and a smaller retropelvic vein directly from the vena cava.

Q. Upper, front view showing superior polar artery arising from main renal on right side and from aorta on left side. Lower, posterior view of upper figure, showing a fairly large renal vein crossing middle of back of pelvis.

R. Representation of various types of retropelvic veins: Upper left, division of the main renal vein into pre- and retropelvic branches of equal size; upper right, main renal vein crosses posterior aspect of pelvis to reach kidney; lower left, accessory renal vein to lower pole of kidney; Lower right main renal vein divides into two branches, the larger of which is retropelvic. There is also an accessory renal vein directly from aorta.

redrawn from Eisendrath, 1920

Section Top | Title Page

Home | About Us | FAQ | Reviews | Contact Us | Search

Anatomy Atlases is curated by Michael P. D'Alessandro, M.D. and Ronald A. Bergman, Ph.D.

Please send us comments by filling out our Comment Form.

All contents copyright © 1995-2018 the Author(s) and Michael P. D'Alessandro, M.D. All rights reserved.

"Anatomy Atlases", the Anatomy Atlases logo, and "A digital library of anatomy information" are all Trademarks of Michael P. D'Alessandro, M.D.

Anatomy Atlases is funded in whole by Michael P. D'Alessandro, M.D. Advertising is not accepted.

Your personal information remains confidential and is not sold, leased, or given to any third party be they reliable or not.

The information contained in Anatomy Atlases is not a substitute for the medical care and advice of your physician. There may be variations in treatment that your physician may recommend based on individual facts and circumstances.