Illustrated Encyclopedia of Human Anatomic Variation: Opus II: Cardiovascular System
Ronald A. Bergman, PhD
Adel K. Afifi, MD, MS
Ryosuke Miyauchi, MD
Peer Review Status: Internally Peer Reviewed
A (Left side)A, axillary artery; B, brachial artery; J, anterior interosseous artery; M, median (antibrachial, deep) artery; Three roots of the radial artery; ra, superior root of the radial artery from the axillary artery; rm, middle root of the radial artery from the median artery (deep); ri, inferior root of the radial artery from the anterior interosseous artery; U, ulnar artery; a, carpal volar artery; b, superficial artery; g, dorsal radial branch of thumb; d, volar radial branch of thumb; a, b, g, and dform the lower root and its continuations.
B (Right side)a, brachial artery; b, rudimentary radial artery; c, median (antibrachial, deep) artery; d, common interosseous artery; a, radial recurrent artery; b, ulnar recurrent artery; g, accessory branch of the median artery; d, accessory superior branch of anterior interosseous artery; e, accessory inferior branch of anterior interosseous artery. g, d and ereplace the missing part of the rudimentary radial artery.
from Gruber, 1870 a,b.
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