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Illustrated Encyclopedia of Human Anatomic Variation: Opus II: Cardiovascular System

Splenic Artery Branches: Posterior Gastric, Superior Polar of Spleen and Gastrosplenic artery.

Ronald A. Bergman, PhD
Adel K. Afifi, MD, MS
Ryosuke Miyauchi, MD

Peer Review Status: Internally Peer Reviewed

Image of splenic artery branches

Figs. 1a-c. Incidence and sex distribution of Posterior Gastric Artery (PGA), Superior Polar Artery (SPA) and Gastrosplenic Artery (GSA). Total number of investigated cases 136 (60 m, 66 f ); no cranial branch 30 cases (13 m, 17 f )= 23.8%. a) PGA (no splenic supply) 35 cases (15 m, 20 f ) = 27.7%. b) SPA (no stomach supply) 4 cases (2 m, 2 f) + 3.27%. c) GSA (supply of stomach and spleen) 53 cases (30 m, 27)= 45.2%. 1. gastric branch greater than splenic branch ("PGA + splenic branch") 13 cases (6 m, 7 f )= 10.3%. 2. gastric branch splenic branch 8 cases (5 m, 3 f )= 6.3%. 3. gastric branch less than splenic branch ("SPA + gastric branch") 36 cases (614 m, 17 f )= 28.6%.


from Trubel, Rokitansky, Turkof, and Firbas, 1988.

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