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Illustrated Encyclopedia of Human Anatomic Variation: Opus II: Cardiovascular System

Types of Middle Meningeal Artery.

Ronald A. Bergman, PhD
Adel K. Afifi, MD, MS
Ryosuke Miyauchi, MD

Peer Review Status: Internally Peer Reviewed


Image of types of middle meningeal artery

"Diagrams to illustrate the various patterns of the endocranial branches of the middle meningeal artery. F, P, T and O indicate the frontal, parietal, temporal and occipital bones, respectively; and a, m, and p indicate anterior, middle and posterior branches, respectively. Type 1, pattern designated as type 1 in both Adachi and Giuffrida-Ruggeri's classifications. Type 2A, pattern designated as type 2 by Adachi and type 2A by Giuffrida-Ruggeri. Type 2B, pattern designated as type 2 by Adachi but as type 2B by Giuffrida-Ruggeri because of the low division. Type 3, pattern designated as type 1 by Adachi but designated as type 3 by Giuffricla-Ruggeri because of the low division of the artery into its terminal branches. Type 4, pattern designated as type 3 by Adachi and type 4 by Giuffrida-Ruggeri. "

Authors' note: Additional references: Adachi, B. Das Arteriensystem der Japaner. Bd. 1:93, 1928.; GiuffridaRuggeri, V. über die enclokranischen Furchen der Arteria meningea media beim Menschen. Zeitschr. f. Morph. u. Anthrop. 15:401-413, 1913; Akiba, T. über die endokranischen Furchen der Arteria meningea media bei Japanern. Zeitschr. f. Morph. u. Anthropol. 23:341-360, 1925; and Toida, N. über die endokranischen Furchen der Arteria meningea media bei den Chinesen. J. Oriental. Med. 21:13-15, 1934.

Redrawn from Rothman, D. The endocranial course of the middle meningeal artery in American Whites and America" Negroes. Am. J. Phys. Anthropol. 22:425-435, 1937.

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