Illustrated Encyclopedia of Human Anatomic Variation: Opus II: Cardiovascular System
Ronald A. Bergman, PhD
Adel K. Afifi, MD, MS
Ryosuke Miyauchi, MD
Peer Review Status: Internally Peer Reviewed
The variations shown above can be related to the embryologic development of segmental splanchnic arteries.
Authors' note: The concept derived is based on the following studies including that of Kitamura et al.: Tandler, J. Zur Entwicklungsgeschichte der menschlichen Darmarterien. Anat.
Hefte 23:187-210, 1903; Tandler, J. über die Varietäten der Arteria coeliaca und deren Entwicklung. Anat. Hefte 25:473-500, 1904; Morita, S. über 3 Fälle von seltenen Variationen der A. coeliaca und A. mesenterica. superior. Igaku Kenkyu 9:1993-2006, 1935. (in Japanese); Mori, Y., Ito, 1, Hatashita, S. and K. Yoshikawa. An anomalous case of the mesenteric arteries, absence of A. mesenteric superior. J. Osaka Med. Coll. 20:77-79, 1960. (in Japanese); and Gwyn. D.G. and J.S. Skilton. A rare variation of the inferior mesenteric artery in man. Anat. Rec. 156:235-238, 1966.
Redrawn and modified from Kitamura, S., Nishiguchi, T, Sakai, A. and K. Kumamoto. Rare case of the inferior mesenteric artery arising from the superior mesenteric artery. Anat. Rec. 217:99-102, 1987.
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