Illustrated Encyclopedia of Human Anatomic Variation: Opus II: Cardiovascular System
Ronald A. Bergman, PhD
Adel K. Afifi, MD, MS
Ryosuke Miyauchi, MD
Peer Review Status: Internally Peer Reviewed
A: Typical textbook pattern of the hepatic artery with its three hepatic branches, right, left, and middle.
B: Hepatic gives off right hepatic and middle hepatic; left hepatic is replaced from left gastric.
C: Hepatic gives off left hepatic and middle hepatic; right hepatic is replaced from superior mesenteric.
D: Hepatic gives off right, middle, and left hepatic; an accessory left hepatic from left gastric.
E: Hepatic gives off right, middle, and left hepatic; an accessory right hepatic from superior mesenteric.
F: Entire hepatic trunk arises from superior mesenteric, there being no celiac hepatic artery.
AcHD, Accessory hepatic duct; AcLG, accessory left gastric; AcLH, accessory left hepatic; AcRH, accessory right hepatic; C, cystic artery; CBD, common bile duct; CD, cystic duct; CE, cardioesophageal branches; CL, caudate lobe; DP, dorsal pancreatic; Fis, fissure under gallbladder; GD, gastroduodenal; H, hepatic; HD, hepatic duct; HL, left hepatic; MCol, middle colic; MH, middle hepatic; P, inferior phrenic; ReLH, replaced left hepatic; ReRH, replaced right hepatic; RD, retrocluodenal; RG, right gastric; RGE, right gastroepiploic; RH, right hepatic; S, splenic; SD, supracluodenal; SPD, superior pancreatoduodenal; SM, superior mesenteric; TP, transverse pancreatic.
From Michels, N.A. Collateral arterial pathways to the liver after ligation of the hepatic artery and removal of the celiac axis. Cancer 6:708-724, 1953.
Section Top | Title Page
Please send us comments by filling out our Comment Form.
All contents copyright © 1995-2017 the Author(s) and Michael P. D'Alessandro, M.D. All rights reserved.
"Anatomy Atlases", the Anatomy Atlases logo, and "A digital library of anatomy information" are all Trademarks of Michael P. D'Alessandro, M.D.
Anatomy Atlases is funded in whole by Michael P. D'Alessandro, M.D. Advertising is not accepted.
Your personal information remains confidential and is not sold, leased, or given to any third party be they reliable or not.
The information contained in Anatomy Atlases is not a substitute for the medical care and advice of your physician. There may be variations in treatment that your physician may recommend based on individual facts and circumstances.