Illustrated Encyclopedia of Human Anatomic Variation: Opus II: Cardiovascular System
Ronald A. Bergman, PhD
Adel K. Afifi, MD, MS
Ryosuke Miyauchi, MD
Peer Review Status: Internally Peer Reviewed
A: Typical textbook pattern of the hepatic artery with its three hepatic branches, right, left, and middle.
B: Hepatic gives off right hepatic and middle hepatic; left hepatic is replaced from left gastric.
C: Hepatic gives off left hepatic and middle hepatic; right hepatic is replaced from superior mesenteric.
D: Hepatic gives off right, middle, and left hepatic; an accessory left hepatic from left gastric.
E: Hepatic gives off right, middle, and left hepatic; an accessory right hepatic from superior mesenteric.
F: Entire hepatic trunk arises from superior mesenteric, there being no celiac hepatic artery.
AcHD, Accessory hepatic duct; AcLG, accessory left gastric; AcLH, accessory left hepatic; AcRH, accessory right hepatic; C, cystic artery; CBD, common bile duct; CD, cystic duct; CE, cardioesophageal branches; CL, caudate lobe; DP, dorsal pancreatic; Fis, fissure under gallbladder; GD, gastroduodenal; H, hepatic; HD, hepatic duct; HL, left hepatic; MCol, middle colic; MH, middle hepatic; P, inferior phrenic; ReLH, replaced left hepatic; ReRH, replaced right hepatic; RD, retrocluodenal; RG, right gastric; RGE, right gastroepiploic; RH, right hepatic; S, splenic; SD, supracluodenal; SPD, superior pancreatoduodenal; SM, superior mesenteric; TP, transverse pancreatic.
From Michels, N.A. Collateral arterial pathways to the liver after ligation of the hepatic artery and removal of the celiac axis. Cancer 6:708-724, 1953.
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