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Anatomy Atlases: Illustrated Encyclopedia of Human Anatomic Variation: Opus II: Cardiovascular System: Variations in Ovarian Arterial Supply.

Illustrated Encyclopedia of Human Anatomic Variation: Opus II: Cardiovascular System

Variations in Ovarian Arterial Supply.

Ronald A. Bergman, PhD
Adel K. Afifi, MD, MS
Ryosuke Miyauchi, MD

Peer Review Status: Internally Peer Reviewed


Image of variations in ovarian arterial supply

The authors found four types of arterial blood supply, which are shown in the illustration.

Type I (A): Anastomosis between the ovarian and uterine arteries giving rise to arterial vessels, equally, to supply the ovary.

Type II (B): The ovarian and uterine arteries each directly supply the ovary and also anastomose with each other.

Type III (C): The primary source (sole source) of blood to the ovary is the uterine artery which has a small anastomotic branch with the ovarian artery.

Type IV (D): The ovarian artery is the sole source of the blood supply to the ovary. It also supplies a small anastomotic branch which joins the uterine artery or the tubal branch of the uterine artery.

Types I and II were considered to occur with equal frequency and commonly, whereas types III and IV were considered to be of rare occurrence.

Redrawn from Mocquot, R and C. Rouvillois. La vascularisation artérielle de l'ovaire étudiée en vue de la chirurgie conservatrice. J. Chir. (Paris) 51:161-176, 1938.

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