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Anatomy Atlases: Illustrated Encyclopedia of Human Anatomic Variation: Opus II: Cardiovascular System: Origins of Inferior Phrenic Artery.

Illustrated Encyclopedia of Human Anatomic Variation: Opus II: Cardiovascular System

Origins of Inferior Phrenic Artery.

Ronald A. Bergman, PhD
Adel K. Afifi, MD, MS
Ryosuke Miyauchi, MD

Peer Review Status: Internally Peer Reviewed


Image of origins of inferior phrenic artery

In 90% of 850 body halves. Upper (Left to Right) 20.9%; 18.1%; 14.8%; 12.7%. Lower (Left to Right) 12.2%; 7.5%; 3.8 %; 3.1 %. The first six (4 upper, 2 lower [a through f]) show origins from celiac trunk; aorta, or both. The last 2 (lower left [g throuh h]), show origin of the right artery from the right renal artery.

redrawn from Greig, Anson, and Coleman, 1951.

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