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Anatomy Atlases: Illustrated Encyclopedia of Human Anatomic Variation: Opus II: Cardiovascular System: Arteries: Head, Neck, and Thorax: Superficial Cervical Artery

Illustrated Encyclopedia of Human Anatomic Variation: Opus II: Cardiovascular System: Arteries: Head, Neck, and Thorax

Superficial Cervical Artery

Ronald A. Bergman, PhD
Adel K. Afifi, MD, MS
Ryosuke Miyauchi, MD

Peer Review Status: Internally Peer Reviewed


This artery may arise from a common stem with the suprascapular or from the transverse cervical.

In some cases, it provides an accessory vertebral artery.

The superficial cervical artery usually has the following four origins:

  1. Directly from the subclavian
  2. From the stem of the inferior thyroid artery
  3. From a common trunk with the superficial cervical artery
  4. From a common trunk with the subscapular artery

17%

64%

11%

8%

From Dubreuil-Chambardel.

Image 317


References

Anson, B.J., Ed. (1966) Morris' Human Anatomy, 12tth ed., The Blakiston Division, McGraw-Hill Book Company, New York.

Bergman, R.A., Thompson, S.A., Afifi, A.K. and F. A. Saadeh. (1988) Compendium of Human Anatomic Variation: Catalog, Atlas and World Literature., Urban & Schwarzenberg., Baltimore and Munich

Dubreuil-Chambardel, L. (1926) Variations des Artères du membre Superieur. Masson et Cie, Paris.

Poynter, C.W.M. (1916) Arterial anomalies pertaining to the aortic arches and their branches. The University Studies of the University of Nebraska, Lincoln 16:229-345.

Poynter, C.W.M. (1922) Congenital anomalies of the arteries and veins of the human body with bibliography. The University Studies of the University of Nebraska, Lincoln 22:1-106.

Schaefer, E.A., Symington, J. and T.H. Bryce., Eds. (1915) Quain's Anatomy, 11th ed., Longmans, Green and Company., London.

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