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Anatomy Atlases: Illustrated Encyclopedia of Human Anatomic Variation: Opus II: Cardiovascular System: Arteries: Head, Neck, and Thorax: Anterior Choroidal Artery

Illustrated Encyclopedia of Human Anatomic Variation: Opus II: Cardiovascular System: Arteries: Head, Neck, and Thorax

Anterior Choroidal Artery

Ronald A. Bergman, PhD
Adel K. Afifi, MD, MS
Ryosuke Miyauchi, MD

Peer Review Status: Internally Peer Reviewed

This artery arises from the internal carotid in 85% of cases, middle cerebral in 8%, and the junction between these two vessels in 7%.

It may be diminished or absent, replaced by a branch of the deep cerebral or posterior communicating artery.


Anson, B.J., Ed. (1966) Morris' Human Anatomy, 12th ed., The Blakiston Division, McGraw-Hill Book Company, New York.

Bergman, R.A., Thompson, S.A., Afifi, A.K. and F.A. Saadeh. (1988) Compendium of Human Anatomic Variation: Catalog, Atlas and World Literature., Urban & Schwarzenberg, Baltimore and Munich.

Carpenter, M.B., Nobach, C.R. and M.L. Moss. (1954) The anterior choroidal artery. Its origin, course, distribution and variations. Arch. Neurol. Psychiatry 71:714-722.

Henle, J. (1868) Handbuch der Systematischen Anatomie des Menschen. Von Friedrich Vieweg und Sohn, Braunschwieig.

Hermann, L.H., Fernando, O.U. and E.S. Gurdijan. (1966) The anterior choroidal artery: An anatomical study of its area of distribution. Anat. Rec. 154:95-101.

Kaplan, H.A. and D.H. Ford. (1966) The Brain Vascular System. Elsevier, Amsterdam.

Latarjet, A. (1948) Testut's Traite d'Anatomie Humaine, 9th ed., G.Doin & Cie., Paris.

Mounieur-Kuhn, A. and A. Bouchef. (1956) L'artère choroidienne antèrieur. Assoc. Anatomistes, Comptes Rendus 43:598-618.

Schaefer, E.A., Symington, J. and T.H. Bryce., Eds. (1915) Quain's Anatomy, 11th ed., Longmans, Green and Company.

Sjögren, S.E. (1956) The anterior choroidal artery. Acta Radiol. 46:143-157.

Waddington, M.M. (1974) Atlas of Cerebral Angiography with Anatomic Correlation. Little, Brown and Co., Boston.

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Anatomy Atlases is curated by Michael P. D'Alessandro, M.D. and Ronald A. Bergman, Ph.D.

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