Illustrated Encyclopedia of Human Anatomic Variation: Opus II: Cardiovascular System: Arteries: Lower Limb
Ronald A. Bergman, PhD
Adel K. Afifi, MD, MS
Ryosuke Miyauchi, MD
Peer Review Status: Internally Peer Reviewed
It may be absent, doubled or tripled.
The deep circumflex iliac occasionally arises in common with the inferior epigastric or from the femoral artery.
This artery may give rise to the external pudendal and medial femoral circumflex, and may provide muscular branches in place of the lateral femoral circumflex.
External Pudendal Superficial
Anson, B.J., Ed. (1966) Morris' Human Anatomy,12th ed., The Blakiston Division, McGraw-Hill Book Company, New York.
Bergman, R.A., Thompson, S.A., Afifi, A.K. and F.A. Saadeh. (1988) Compendium of Anatomic Variations: Catalog, Atlas and World Literature. Urban & Schwarzenberg.
Chang, S.C., Chen, E.Y. and W. L. Sung (1963) Observations on the deep and circumflex femoral arteries in Chinese. Acta Anat. Sinica 8:282-292.
Gruber, W. (1867) Enorm hoher Ursprung einer supernumerären Arteria circumflexa ilei interna von der Arteria iliaca externa. Arch. Anat. Physiol. Wissen. Med. 1867:547-551.
Poynter, C.W.M. (1922) Congenital anomalies of the arteries and veins of the human body with bibliography. University Studies of th University of Nebraska 22:1-106.
Ramsay, A. (1813) Account of unusual conformation of some muscles and vessels. Edinburgh Medical and Surgical Journal 8:281-283.
Stieda, H. (1892) über die Arteria circumflexa ilium. Anat. Anz. 7:232-246.
Williams, G.D., Sindelar, R.J., Peart, J.C., Martin, N.A., McIntire, L.R. and C.H. Martin. (1930) Origin of the deep and circumflex femoral group of arteries. Anat. Rec. 46:273-279.
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