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Anatomy Atlases: Illustrated Encyclopedia of Human Anatomic Variation: Opus II: Cardiovascular System: Arteries: Pelvis: Inferior Gluteal Artery

Illustrated Encyclopedia of Human Anatomic Variation: Opus II: Cardiovascular System: Arteries: Pelvis

Inferior Gluteal Artery

Ronald A. Bergman, PhD
Adel K. Afifi, MD, MS
Ryosuke Miyauchi, MD

Peer Review Status: Internally Peer Reviewed

This artery may form a common trunk with the superior gluteal (Jaschtschinski, 25%; Lipshutz, 43%). It has been reported doubled and it may be joined to the obturator.

The ischiadic (sciatic) artery, the embryonic axis artery, "arises" from the inferior gluteal artery. It may persist as the primary artery of the thigh and continue into the leg as the popliteal. The ischiadic (sciatic) artery (a. comitans n. ischiadic) is usually a long, thin vessel which is normally the arterial blood supply to the sciatic nerve. It arised from the inferior gluteal artery and enters the nerve immediately below the piriformis muscle. The ischiadic artery was the embryonic important axial artery of the lower limb arising originally from the umbilical artery. The artery may persist in the adult as a large vessel continuous with the popliteal artery.

from Henle, J. after Dubreuil, J.M. (1847).

Inferior and Superior Gluteal

Image 68, Image 243 Image 486, Image 487


Image 100, Image 399


Blair, Jr., C.B. and K. Nandy. (1965) Persistence of the axis artery of lower limb. Anat. Rec. 152:161-172.

Curtis, A.H., Anson, B.J., Ashley, F.L. and T. Jones. (1942) The blood vessels of the female pelvis in relation to gynecological surgery. Surg., Gynecol. Obstet. 75:421-423.

Fagge, C.H. (1864) Case of aneurysm, seated on an abnormal main artery of the lower limb. Guy's Hospital Reports S. 3., 10:153-157.

Fetterolf, G. (1908) Variations in the arteries of the human body. University of Pennsyvania Medical Bulletin 21:323-329.

Kubota, K., Haibara, T. and M. Noguchi. (1958) A case of bilateral existence of ischiatic artery in man. Folia Anat. Jpn. 30:339-340.

Lipshutz, B. (1918) A composite study of the hypogastric artery and its branches. Ann Surg. 67:584-608.

Manno, A. (1907) Sur une variété d'arteria ischiatica chez l'homme. Arch. Ital. Biol. 47:487.

Pác, L., Hamplová, M. and O. Pelcová. (1977) An atypical case of arising of some parietal branches of the arteria iliaca interna in man. Anat. Anz. 141:450-454.

Pernkopf, E. (1922) über einen Fall von beiderseitger Persistence der Arteria ischiadica. Anat. Anz. 55:536-542.

Poynter, C.W.M. (1922) Congenital anomalies of the arteries and veins of the human body with bibliography. The University Studies of the University of Nebraska (Lincoln) 22:1-106.

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