Anatomy Atlases(tm) : A digital library of anatomy information

Home | Search | About Us | FAQ | Reviews | Contact Us

Anatomy Atlases: Illustrated Encyclopedia of Human Anatomic Variation: Opus II: Cardiovascular System: Arteries: Pelvis: Internal Iliac Artery

Illustrated Encyclopedia of Human Anatomic Variation: Opus II: Cardiovascular System: Arteries: Pelvis

Internal Iliac Artery

Ronald A. Bergman, PhD
Adel K. Afifi, MD, MS
Ryosuke Miyauchi, MD

Peer Review Status: Internally Peer Reviewed


The internal iliac may be longer or shorter than usual. It is seldom less than 2.5 cm in length, but may be as short as 1.2 cm or as long as 7.5 cm.

Length variation generally depends upon the length of the common iliacs; when they bifurcate higher than usual, the internal iliac is longer and may lie initally above the brim of the true pelvis. The length may also depend upon the internal iliac itself dividing higher or lower than usual into its usual branches. This division may occur anywhere between the pelvic brim and the upper border of the sacrosciatic foramen.

In some cases the branches arise without the artery dividing into an anterior and posterior division, or one or more branches arise above the division.

The internal iliac may give rise to the following: superior mesenteric, vesicoprostatic (which also supplies the testes), prostatic (which also supplies the rectum), a common trunk for a superior vesical and a profunda penis, an independent arteria penis supplying the profunda penis arteries when the dorsal penis is a branch of the internal pudendal, and / or an inferior epigastric artery.

If the internal iliac artery has a low division, a hypogastric trunk may arise, from which the superior vesical, inferior vesical, uterine, middle rectal all originate from this common, hypogastric trunk. In a report by the Committee of Collective Investigation of the Anatomical Society of Great Britian and Ireland, 1895-96 prepared by Parsons and Keith, the records of 56 observations showed that in 37 (66%) the trunk was a branch of the anterior division; in 13 (23.3%) no trunk was present; while in the remaining 6 (10.7%) it came from the internal iliac before its division into two.

Branches of the anterior and posterior divisions or the internal iliac may exchange origins.

See illustrations for some of the permutations of the internal iliac artery. If one remembers that arteries are identified only by their termination rather than their origin, the branches are always "easy" to name.

Image 68, Image 243, Image 357, Image 359, Image 470A, Image 470B, Image 476, Image 477, Image 478 Image 489

Common Iliac

Image 136, Image 241, Image 258, Image 264A, Image 264B, Image 343, Image 356, See Image 359 Image 484Image 521


References

Anson, B.J. Ed. (1966) Morris' Human Anatomy, 12th ed. The Blakiston Division, McGraw-Hill Book Company.

Ashley, F.L. and B.J. Anson. (1941) The hypogastric artery in American Whites and Negroes. Am. J. Phys. Anthropol. 28:381-395.

Beaumanoir (de Brest), -. (1882) Présentation de pièces anatomiques: artère hypogastrique. Bull. de la Soc. Anatomique de Paris.

Beaumanoir, (de Brest.), -. (1882) Anomalies artèrielles trouvées a l'autopsie d'un sujet. Bull. de la Soc. Anatomique de Paris 57:316-321.

Bergman, R.A., Thompson, S.A., Afifi, A.K. and F. A. Saadeh. (1988) Compendium of Human Anatomic Variation:Catalog, Atlas and World Literature. Urban & Schwarzenberg, Baltimore and Munich.

Braithwaite, J.L. (1952) Variations in origin of the parietal branches of the internal iliac artery. J. Anat. 86:423-430.

Chalier, A. (1912) Anomalies des artère rénales et du bassinet. J. Urol., Paris. 1:103-104.

Curtis, A.H., Anson, B.J., Ashley, F.L. and T. Jones. (1942) The blood vessels of the female pelvis in relation to gynecological surgery. Surg., Gynecol. Obstet. 75:421-423.

Dufour, -., Rigaud, -. et -. Gouaze. (1951) Variations du mode de division du tronc de l'artère hypogastric en fonction due sexe. Assoc. Anatomistes, Comptes Rendus. 38:449-456.

Gérard, G. (1901) Variabilité des rapports vasculaires du bassinet. Assoc. Anatomistes, Comptes Rendus. 3:147-154.

Gouaze, A., Sentenae, M. et R. Odano. (1956) Contribution a l'étude de l'irrigation artérielle de la prostate. Assoc. Anatomistes, Comptes Rendus 43:374-381.

Henle, J. (1868) Handbuch der Systematischen Anatomie des Menschen., Von Friedreich Vieweg und Sohn, Braunschweig.

Jastschinski, S.N. (1891) Die typischen Verzweigungsformen der Arteria hypogastrica. Intern. Monatschr. für Anatomie und Physiologie 8:111-127.

Ledwich, -. (1887) Absence of the internal iliac artery. Dublin J. of Medical Sci. 3 S., 88:480.

Levi, G. (1902a) Observations sur les variations de arteries iliaques. Arch. Ital. Biol. 37:489.

Levi, G. (1902b) Morfologia delle Arterie iliache. Arch. Ital. Anat. Embriol. 1:120-173, 295-346, 523-605.

Lipshutz, B. (1918) A composite study of the hypogastric artery and its branches. Ann. Surg. 67:584-608.

Nitschke, T. und F. Preuss (1971) Die Hauptäste der A. iliaca int. bei Mensch und Haussäugetieren in vergleichend-anatomisch häufigster Reihenfolge. Anat. Anz. 128:439-453.

Pác, L., Hamplová, M. and O. Pelcová (1977) An atypical case of arising of some parietal branches of the arteria iliaca interna in man. Anat. Anz. 141:450-454.

Parsons, F.G. and A. Keith. (1897) Sixth annual report of the Committee of Collective Investigation of the Anatomical Society of Great Britian and Ireland. Mode of origin of the branches of the internal iliac artery. J. Anat. Physiol., London 31:31-44.

Paterson, A.M. (1910) Obliteration of the left common, external, and internal iliac arteries. J. Anat. Physiol. 44:56.

Pope, C.E. and L.A. Buie. (1929) A description of the arterial blood supply of the pelvic colon. Trans. Am. Proct. Soc. 1929:78.

Poynter, C.W.M. (1922) Congenital anomalies of the arteries and veins of the human body with bibliography. University Studies of the University of Nebraska. 22:1-106.

Ramsay, A. (1813) Account of unusual conformation of some muscles and vessels. Edinburgh Medical and Surgical Journal 8:281-283.

Redfern, P. Origin of the epigastric and obturator arteries by a common trunk from the internal iliac; with an inquiry into the amount of danger occasioned by various positions of arteries in the ordinary operations for femoral and inguinal herniae. Monthly Medical Journal, Edinburgh 9:203-222.

Roberts, W.H. and G.L Krishingar. (1967) Comparative study of human internal iliac artery based on Adachi classification. Anat. Rec. 158:191-196.

Senior, H.D. (1925) An interpretation of the recorded arterial anomalies of the human pelvis and thigh. Am. J. Anat. 36:1-46.

Serafini, G. (1903) Rara ferita dell'arteria ipogastrica. Il Progresso Medico 2:74-75.

Winslow, R. (1883) A study of the malformations, variations, and anomalies of the circulatory apparatus in man. Annals of Anatomy and Surgery 7:94.

Section Top | Title Page


Home | Search | About Us | FAQ | Reviews | Contact Us

Anatomy Atlases is curated by Michael P. D'Alessandro, M.D. [Google+ Profile] and Ronald A. Bergman, Ph.D.

Please send us comments by filling out our Comment Form.

All contents copyright 1995-2014 the Author(s) and Michael P. D'Alessandro, M.D. All rights reserved.

"Anatomy Atlases", the Anatomy Atlases logo, and "A digital library of anatomy information" are all Trademarks of Michael P. D'Alessandro, M.D.

Anatomy Atlases is funded in whole by Michael P. D'Alessandro, M.D. Advertising is not accepted.

Your personal information remains confidential and is not sold, leased, or given to any third party be they reliable or not.

The information contained in Anatomy Atlases is not a substitute for the medical care and advice of your physician. There may be variations in treatment that your physician may recommend based on individual facts and circumstances.

URL: http://www.anatomyatlases.org/

This website is certified by Health On the Net Foundation. Click to verify. This site complies with the HONcode standard for trustworthy health information:
verify here.