Illustrated Encyclopedia of Human Anatomic Variation: Opus II: Cardiovascular System: Arteries: Pelvis
Ronald A. Bergman, PhD
Adel K. Afifi, MD, MS
Ryosuke Miyauchi, MD
Peer Review Status: Internally Peer Reviewed
It may be absent, reduced in size, or partially replaced by one of the lumbars.
It occasionally gives rise to a lateral superior sacral artery.
It has been seen as a branch of the lumbars, middle sacral, and the lateral sacral.
In the report of the Committee of Collective Investigation by Parsons and Keith (1897), the data for iliolumbar artery was reported from 57 observations. In 35 (61.4%) the artery arose entirely from the internal iliac: in one of these cases the artery was doubled; in 17 (29.8%) it arose from the posterior division in common with the lateral sacral. In 2 cases, it arose, in addition to the one already recorded, the artery was doubled: in the first of these one twig arose from the posterior division, and the other arose from the sciatic artery; in the second case, the upper twig cane from the internal iliac, and the lower from the posterior division. In one case the iliolumbar was a branch of the obturator, itself a branch of the internal iliac.
Bergman, R.A., Thompson, S.A., Afifi, A.K. and F.A. Saadeh. (1988) Compendium of Human Anatomic Variation:Catalog, Atlas and World Literature. Urban & Schwarzenberg, Baltimore and Munich.
Chalier, A. (1912) Anomalies des artères rénales et du bassinet. J. Urol., Paris. 1:103-104.
Curtis, A.H., Anson, B.J., Ashley, F.L. and T. Jones. (1942) The blood vessels of the female pelvis in relation gynecological surgery. Surg., Gynecol. Obstet. 75:421-423.
Jastschinski, -. (1891) Die typischen Verzweigungformen der Arteria Hypogastrica. Month. Internat. Journ. of Anat and Physiol. 8:111-126
Levi, G. (1902a) Observations sur les variations de arteries iliaques. Arch. Ital. Biol. 37:489.
Levi, G. (1902b) Morfologia delle Arterie iliache. Arch. Ital. Anat. Embruiol. 1:120-173, 295-346, 523-605.
Lipshutz, B. (1918) A composite study of the hypogastric artery and its branches. Ann. Surg. 67:584-608.
Pác, L., Hamplová, M. und O. Pelcová. (1977) An atypical case of arising of some parietal branches of the arteria iliaca interna in man. Anat. Anz. 141:450-454.
Parsons, F.G. and A. Keith. (1897) Sixth Annual Report of the Committee of Collective Investigation of the Anatomical Society of Great Britain and Ireland, 1895-96. The mode of origin of the branches of the internal iliac artery. J. Anat. Physiol., London 31:31-44.
Poynter, C.W.M. (1922) Congenital anomalies of the ateries and veins of the human body with bibliography. University Studies of the University of Nebraska. 22:1-106.
Section Top | Title Page
Please send us comments by filling out our Comment Form.
All contents copyright © 1995-2018 the Author(s) and Michael P. D'Alessandro, M.D. All rights reserved.
"Anatomy Atlases", the Anatomy Atlases logo, and "A digital library of anatomy information" are all Trademarks of Michael P. D'Alessandro, M.D.
Anatomy Atlases is funded in whole by Michael P. D'Alessandro, M.D. Advertising is not accepted.
Your personal information remains confidential and is not sold, leased, or given to any third party be they reliable or not.
The information contained in Anatomy Atlases is not a substitute for the medical care and advice of your physician. There may be variations in treatment that your physician may recommend based on individual facts and circumstances.