Illustrated Encyclopedia of Human Anatomic Variation: Opus II: Cardiovascular System: Arteries: Pelvis
Ronald A. Bergman, PhD
Adel K. Afifi, MD, MS
Ryosuke Miyauchi, MD
Peer Review Status: Internally Peer Reviewed
It may be absent, reduced in size, or partially replaced by one of the lumbars.
It occasionally gives rise to a lateral superior sacral artery.
It has been seen as a branch of the lumbars, middle sacral, and the lateral sacral.
In the report of the Committee of Collective Investigation by Parsons and Keith (1897), the data for iliolumbar artery was reported from 57 observations. In 35 (61.4%) the artery arose entirely from the internal iliac: in one of these cases the artery was doubled; in 17 (29.8%) it arose from the posterior division in common with the lateral sacral. In 2 cases, it arose, in addition to the one already recorded, the artery was doubled: in the first of these one twig arose from the posterior division, and the other arose from the sciatic artery; in the second case, the upper twig cane from the internal iliac, and the lower from the posterior division. In one case the iliolumbar was a branch of the obturator, itself a branch of the internal iliac.
Bergman, R.A., Thompson, S.A., Afifi, A.K. and F.A. Saadeh. (1988) Compendium of Human Anatomic Variation:Catalog, Atlas and World Literature. Urban & Schwarzenberg, Baltimore and Munich.
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