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Anatomy Atlases: Illustrated Encyclopedia of Human Anatomic Variation: Opus II: Cardiovascular System: Arteries: Pelvis: Iliolumbar Artery

Illustrated Encyclopedia of Human Anatomic Variation: Opus II: Cardiovascular System: Arteries: Pelvis

Iliolumbar Artery

Ronald A. Bergman, PhD
Adel K. Afifi, MD, MS
Ryosuke Miyauchi, MD

Peer Review Status: Internally Peer Reviewed

This artery is usually the first branch of the posterior division of the internal iliac artery.

It may be absent, reduced in size, or partially replaced by one of the lumbars.

It occasionally gives rise to a lateral superior sacral artery.

It has been seen as a branch of the lumbars, middle sacral, and the lateral sacral.

In the report of the Committee of Collective Investigation by Parsons and Keith (1897), the data for iliolumbar artery was reported from 57 observations. In 35 (61.4%) the artery arose entirely from the internal iliac: in one of these cases the artery was doubled; in 17 (29.8%) it arose from the posterior division in common with the lateral sacral. In 2 cases, it arose, in addition to the one already recorded, the artery was doubled: in the first of these one twig arose from the posterior division, and the other arose from the sciatic artery; in the second case, the upper twig cane from the internal iliac, and the lower from the posterior division. In one case the iliolumbar was a branch of the obturator, itself a branch of the internal iliac.

Image 243


Bergman, R.A., Thompson, S.A., Afifi, A.K. and F.A. Saadeh. (1988) Compendium of Human Anatomic Variation:Catalog, Atlas and World Literature. Urban & Schwarzenberg, Baltimore and Munich.

Chalier, A. (1912) Anomalies des artères rénales et du bassinet. J. Urol., Paris. 1:103-104.

Curtis, A.H., Anson, B.J., Ashley, F.L. and T. Jones. (1942) The blood vessels of the female pelvis in relation gynecological surgery. Surg., Gynecol. Obstet. 75:421-423.

Jastschinski, -. (1891) Die typischen Verzweigungformen der Arteria Hypogastrica. Month. Internat. Journ. of Anat and Physiol. 8:111-126

Levi, G. (1902a) Observations sur les variations de arteries iliaques. Arch. Ital. Biol. 37:489.

Levi, G. (1902b) Morfologia delle Arterie iliache. Arch. Ital. Anat. Embruiol. 1:120-173, 295-346, 523-605.

Lipshutz, B. (1918) A composite study of the hypogastric artery and its branches. Ann. Surg. 67:584-608.

Pác, L., Hamplová, M. und O. Pelcová. (1977) An atypical case of arising of some parietal branches of the arteria iliaca interna in man. Anat. Anz. 141:450-454.

Parsons, F.G. and A. Keith. (1897) Sixth Annual Report of the Committee of Collective Investigation of the Anatomical Society of Great Britain and Ireland, 1895-96. The mode of origin of the branches of the internal iliac artery. J. Anat. Physiol., London 31:31-44.

Poynter, C.W.M. (1922) Congenital anomalies of the ateries and veins of the human body with bibliography. University Studies of the University of Nebraska. 22:1-106.

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