Illustrated Encyclopedia of Human Anatomic Variation: Opus II: Cardiovascular System: Arteries: Head, Neck, and Thorax
Ronald A. Bergman, PhD
Adel K. Afifi, MD, MS
Ryosuke Miyauchi, MD
Peer Review Status: Internally Peer Reviewed
The supreme intercostal may arise from the costocervical trunk, thyrocervical trunk, deep cervical (cervicalis profundus), inferior thyroid, second intercostal, or axillary. The left artery has been reported as a branch of the aortic arch in cases having four arch branches.
In one case it arose from a lateral internal thoracic artery.
It may be absent, multiple, or diminished in size; in the latter case, it supplies only the first intercostal space.
Distribution of 60 arteries
1st Intercostal Space
1st & 2nd Spaces
2nd & 3rd Spaces
Number of Cases
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