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Anatomy Atlases: Illustrated Encyclopedia of Human Anatomic Variation: Opus II: Cardiovascular System: Arteries: Lower Limb: Peroneal Artery

Illustrated Encyclopedia of Human Anatomic Variation: Opus II: Cardiovascular System: Arteries: Lower Limb

Peroneal Artery

Ronald A. Bergman, PhD
Adel K. Afifi, MD, MS
Ryosuke Miyauchi, MD

Peer Review Status: Internally Peer Reviewed

The peroneal artey was found to be well-developed in 31 of 209 cadavers, about 15% of legs.

It may arise (unusually) in the distal leg. It may also be absent or replaced by the posterior tibial.

On occasion it gives rise to the anterior tibial, or rejoins the posterior tibial.

An accessory peroneal artery has also been noted.


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Dubrevil-Chambardel, L. (1925) Variations des Arteries du Pelvis et du Membre Inferieur, Masson, 1925.

Gruber, W. (1878) Hohe Theilung der Arteria poplitea in die A. tibialis postica und in den Truncus communis für die A. peronea und die A. tibialis antica, mit Eingung der A. tibialis postica als A. plantaris interna und der A. peronea als A. plantaris externa. Arch. Pathol. Anat. Physiol. Klin. Med. 74:438-443.

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Manno, A. (1906) Arteria peronea communis, arteria peronea profunda, arteria peronea superficialis. Contributo alla morfologia della circolazione arteriosa nell'arto abdominale. Internat. Monnatsschr. Anat. Physiol. 23:272-234.

Manno, A. (1907) Arteria perona communis, arteria peronea profunda, arteria peronea superficialis. Arch. Ital. Biol. 47:487-489.

Porter, M.F. (1882) Abnormalities of the arterial system. The Cincinnati Lancet and Clinic 9:411-412.

Poynter, C.W.M. (1922) Congenital anomalies of the arteries and veins of the human body with bibliography. University Studies of the University of Nebraska 22:1-106.

Schaefer, E.A., Symington, J. and T.H. Bryce. (1915) Quain's Anatomy, 11th ed., Longmans, Green and Co., London.

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