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Anatomy Atlases: Illustrated Encyclopedia of Human Anatomic Variation: Opus II: Cardiovascular System: Arteries: Lower Limb: Peroneal Artery

Illustrated Encyclopedia of Human Anatomic Variation: Opus II: Cardiovascular System: Arteries: Lower Limb

Peroneal Artery

Ronald A. Bergman, PhD
Adel K. Afifi, MD, MS
Ryosuke Miyauchi, MD

Peer Review Status: Internally Peer Reviewed


The peroneal artey was found to be well-developed in 31 of 209 cadavers, about 15% of legs.

It may arise (unusually) in the distal leg. It may also be absent or replaced by the posterior tibial.

On occasion it gives rise to the anterior tibial, or rejoins the posterior tibial.

An accessory peroneal artery has also been noted.


References

Anson, B.J., Ed. (1966) Morris' Human Anatomy, 12 th ed., The Blakiston Division, McGraw Hill Book Company, New York.

Bergman, R. A., Thompson, S.A., Afifi, A.K., and F.A. Saadeh. (1988) Compendium of Human Anatomic Variation: Catalog, Atlas and World Literature. Urban & Schwarzenberg, Baltimore and Munich.

Dubrevil-Chambardel, L. (1925) Variations des Arteries du Pelvis et du Membre Inferieur, Masson, 1925.

Gruber, W. (1878) Hohe Theilung der Arteria poplitea in die A. tibialis postica und in den Truncus communis für die A. peronea und die A. tibialis antica, mit Eingung der A. tibialis postica als A. plantaris interna und der A. peronea als A. plantaris externa. Arch. Pathol. Anat. Physiol. Klin. Med. 74:438-443.

Henle, J. (1868) Handbuch der Systematischen Anatomie des Menschen. Von Friedrich Vieweg und Sohn, Braunschweig.

Latarjet, A. (1948) Testut's Traite d'Anatomie Humaine, 9th ed., G.Doin & Cie, Paris.

Manno, A. (1906) Arteria peronea communis, arteria peronea profunda, arteria peronea superficialis. Contributo alla morfologia della circolazione arteriosa nell'arto abdominale. Internat. Monnatsschr. Anat. Physiol. 23:272-234.

Manno, A. (1907) Arteria perona communis, arteria peronea profunda, arteria peronea superficialis. Arch. Ital. Biol. 47:487-489.

Porter, M.F. (1882) Abnormalities of the arterial system. The Cincinnati Lancet and Clinic 9:411-412.

Poynter, C.W.M. (1922) Congenital anomalies of the arteries and veins of the human body with bibliography. University Studies of the University of Nebraska 22:1-106.

Schaefer, E.A., Symington, J. and T.H. Bryce. (1915) Quain's Anatomy, 11th ed., Longmans, Green and Co., London.

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