Illustrated Encyclopedia of Human Anatomic Variation: Opus II: Cardiovascular System: Arteries: Upper Limb
Ronald A. Bergman, PhD
Adel K. Afifi, MD, MS
Ryosuke Miyauchi, MD
Peer Review Status: Internally Peer Reviewed
The profunda may arise from the third part of the axillary artery (16%, Anson) or in common with one or more branches of that vessel, e.g., subscapular (19% of individuals, Poynter), or arise as a common trunk with the superior ulnar collateral (22%, Anson), axillary (16%) or anterior and/ or posterior (7%, Anson) circumflex humeral.
If its source is from the descending branch of the posterior circumflex humeral (7%) or from the deltoid branch of the profunda brachii (deep brachial) (~ 16% of individuals), this artery would then lie on the lateral side of the long head of the triceps.
It may give rise to the posterior circumflex, which then runs upward behind the teres major to reach the back of the shoulder.
In some cases, the deltoid branch of the profunda brachii (16% of individuals) arises from the brachial or from the superior ulnar collateral.
The profunda may be reduced in size and terminate in muscle without giving rise to the radial and medial collateral arteries.
Anson, B.J., Ed. (1966) Morris' Human Anatomy, 12th ed., The Blakiston division, McGraw-Hill Book Company, New York.
Bergman, R.A., Thompson, S.A., Afifi, A.K. and F.A. Saadeh. (1988) Compendium of Human Anatomic Variation: Catalog, Atlas and World Literature. Urban & Schwarzenberg. Baltimore and Munich.
Dubrueil-Chambardel, L. (1926) Variations des Artères du Membre Supérieur. Massion Cie., Paris.
Guerrier, Y. and R. Paleirac. (1951) Le tronc artèriel antibrachial. Assoc. Anatomistes Comptes Rendus. 38:566-575.
Poynter, C.W.M. (1922) Congenital anomalies of the arteries and veins of the human body with bibliography. The University Studies of the University of Nebraska. 22:1-106.
Schwalbe, E. (1898) Beitrag zur Kenntniss der Arterienvarietäten des menschlichen Arms. Morphologische Arbeiten 8:1-47.
Section Top | Title Page
Please send us comments by filling out our Comment Form.
All contents copyright © 1995-2018 the Author(s) and Michael P. D'Alessandro, M.D. All rights reserved.
"Anatomy Atlases", the Anatomy Atlases logo, and "A digital library of anatomy information" are all Trademarks of Michael P. D'Alessandro, M.D.
Anatomy Atlases is funded in whole by Michael P. D'Alessandro, M.D. Advertising is not accepted.
Your personal information remains confidential and is not sold, leased, or given to any third party be they reliable or not.
The information contained in Anatomy Atlases is not a substitute for the medical care and advice of your physician. There may be variations in treatment that your physician may recommend based on individual facts and circumstances.