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Anatomy Atlases: Illustrated Encyclopedia of Human Anatomic Variation: Opus II: Cardiovascular System: Arteries: Pelvis: Internal Pudendal Artery

Illustrated Encyclopedia of Human Anatomic Variation: Opus II: Cardiovascular System: Arteries: Pelvis

Internal Pudendal Artery

Ronald A. Bergman, PhD
Adel K. Afifi, MD, MS
Ryosuke Miyauchi, MD

Peer Review Status: Internally Peer Reviewed

The internal pudendal artery may arise in common with the obturator or the umbilical.

It may end as a perineal artery, with the artery to the penis arising from the internal iliac.

In some cases, it splits into two vessels, one of which remains in the pelvis to supply pelvic viscera.

The internal pudendal is necessarily, always a branch of the anterior division of the internal iliac artery.

The dorsalis penis artery may arise from profunda femoris or femoral artery.

The inferior rectal artery is typically a branch of the internal pudendal artery.

The Number of Rectal Arteries in Man

  Levi Dubreuil-Chambardel
One inferior rectal artery 44% 50%
Two inferior rectal arteries 52% 41%
Three inferior rectal arteries 3% 5%
Four inferior rectal arteries 1% 2%
Five inferior rectal arteries 1% 2%

Image 68, Image 243, Image 413, Image 472, Image 487

External Pudendal Superficial

Image 128A

Rectal Inferior

See Image 413


In addition to those listed for the inferior vesical artery, see also

Dschau, F. (1936-37) Eine bisher unbekannte Varietät der Arteria obturatoria und pudenda accessoria mit einer Varietät der A. circumflexa femoris medialis. Anat. Anz. 83:25-29.

Flesch, M. (1876) Varietaten-Beobachtungen aus dem Praparirsaal zu Wurzburg in der Zeit vom 1. Februar 1874 bis 1. April 1875. Verhandlungen der Physikalisch-Medicinische Gesellschaft im Wurzburg 10:25-62.

Parsons, F.G. and A. Keith. (1897) Sixth annual report of the Committee of Collective investigation of the Anatomical Society of Great Britain and Ireland. J. Anat. Physiol., London 31:31-44.

Ramsay, A. (1813) Account of unusual conformation of some muscles and vessels. Edinburgh Medical and Surgical Journal 8:281-283.

Walsham, W.J. (1880) An accessory pudic artery crossing the middle line of the body immediately above and in front of the prostate. St Bartholomews Hospital Reports 16:92-93.

Winslow, R. (1883) A study of the malformations, variations, and anomalies of the circulatory apparatus in man. Annals of Anatomy and Surgery 7:148-149.

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