Illustrated Encyclopedia of Human Anatomic Variation: Opus II: Cardiovascular System: Arteries: Abdomen
Ronald A. Bergman, PhD
Adel K. Afifi, MD, MS
Ryosuke Miyauchi, MD
Peer Review Status: Internally Peer Reviewed
Because they are often concealed or take a high course to the kidney, superior renal polar arteries can be damaged during surgical procedures. When such a vessel is torn, the consequences may be a massive fatal hemorrhage; when they are ligated, devascularized and necrotic areas will develop in the kidney. All renal arteries, including accessory or supernumerary renal arteries, are end-arteries in the strictest sense; there is no collateral arterial supply to or in the kidneys (Michels).
Image 42, Image 126A, Image 126B, Image 126C, Image 126D, Image 213, Image 218, Image 220, Image 350A, Image 350B, Image 351, Image 352
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