Illustrated Encyclopedia of Human Anatomic Variation: Opus II: Cardiovascular System: Arteries: Pelvis
Ronald A. Bergman, PhD
Adel K. Afifi, MD, MS
Ryosuke Miyauchi, MD
Peer Review Status: Internally Peer Reviewed
These vessels from both sides may arise in common. Superior branches are sometime absent and are replaced by branches from the common iliac, internal iliac, iliolumbar, or sciatic arteries.
When inferior branches are absent, they are sometimes replaced by branches from the middle rectal, gluteal, and sciatic arteries.
The lateral sacral may provide the inferior vesical and middle rectal arteries.
Observations of 53 subjects were reported by Parsons and Keith for the Committee of Collective Investigation of the Anatomical Society of Great Britian and Ireland, 1895-96. In 53 observations, 27 (50.9%) the two arteries of one side arose by a common trunk; in 25 (47.2%) there were two distinct arteries on one side, while in one case three arteries were present. Of the 27 cases in which the single trunk was present, it came from the posterior division in 25 (92.6%), from the internal iliac in 2 (7.4%). Of the 25 cases in which there were two arteries, they both came from the posterior division 17 times (68%), both from the internal iliac, the lower from the posterior division. In 9 cases, as has already been recorded, one or both the lateral sacrals came off in common with the iliolumbar.
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