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Anatomy Atlases: Illustrated Encyclopedia of Human Anatomic Variation: Opus II: Cardiovascular System: Arteries: Head, Neck, and Thorax: Suprascapular Artery

Illustrated Encyclopedia of Human Anatomic Variation: Opus II: Cardiovascular System: Arteries: Head, Neck, and Thorax

Suprascapular Artery

Ronald A. Bergman, PhD
Adel K. Afifi, MD, MS
Ryosuke Miyauchi, MD

Peer Review Status: Internally Peer Reviewed


In a study of 400 cadavers, the suprascapular artery arose from the thyrocervical trunk in about 92%, internal thoracic in 4.1%, and transverse cervical in 2.5%, independently from the subclavian in about 2%, and rarely from the axillary, costocervical trunk, or from the dorsal scapular artery.

It may arise from the subclavian or axillary artery (reported as high as 10%), or from an accessory inferior thyroid, the subscapular, or the thoracoacromial artery.

When it arises from the second or third part of the subclavian, it usually passes through, rather than over the brachial plexus.

A thyroidea ima may be a branch of the suprascapular.

The suprascapular artery arose from the thyrocervical trunk as follows (from Röhlich, 1940-41). Right side, 41 cases (45.5%); left side, 34 cases (40.5%); total 75 cases (43.1%); in Men, 45 cases (40.9%); in Women, 30 cases (46.8%)

The suprascapular artery arose from the thyrocervical trunk with the transverse cervical artery.

The suprascapular arose with the transverse cervical and the internal thoracic arteries from a common stem. The inferior thyroid artery was absent or it arose directly from the subclavian artery.

The suprascapular arose with the internal thoracic from a common stem. The inferior thyroid was absent or arose directly from the subclavian artery. Left side . 1 case (1.5%); total, 1 case (0.5%) in a man.

The suprascapular arose together with the ascending cervical artery. Left side, 1 case (1.1%); total 1 case (0.5%0 in a man.

The suprascapular artery was absent. Right side, 3 cases (3.3%); left side, 4 cases (4.7%); total, 7 cases (4%); in Men, 4 cases (3.6%); in Women, 3 cases (4.3%).

See also Thyrocervical trunk.

Image 31, Image 93, Image 107, Image 132, Image 316


References

Anson, B.J., Ed. (1966) Morris' Human Anatomy, 12thed., The Blakiston Division, McGraw-Hill Book Company, New York.

Bergman, R.A., Thompson, S.A., Afifi, A.K. and F.A. Saadeh. (1988) Compendium of Human Anatomic Variation: Catalog, Atlas and World Literature. Urban & Schwarzenberg. Baltimore and Munich.

Coues, E. (1880) Anatomical anomalies. The Medical Record, N.Y. 17:257.

Daseler, E.H. and B.J. Anson. (1959) Surgical anatomy of the subclavian artery and its branches. Surg., Gynecol. Obstet. 108:149-174.

De Garis, C.F. (1924) Patterns of branching of the subclavian artery in White and Negro stocks. Am. J. Phys. Anthropol. 7:95-107.

Dubrueil-Chambardel, L. (1847)Des Anomalies Artèrielles. Bailliere, Paris.

Huber, G.C. (1930) Piersol's Human Anatomy, 9th ed. L.B. Lippincott Co., Philadelphia.

Huelke, D.F. (1958) A study of the transverse cervical and dorsal scapular arteries. Anat. Rec. 132:233-245.

Huelke, D.F. (1959) Variation in origins of the branches of the axillary artery. Anat. Rec. 135:33-41.

Huelke, D.F. (1962) The dorsal scapular artery. A proposed term for the artery to the rhomboids. Anat. Rec. 142:57-61.

Latarjet, A. (1948) Testut's Traite d'Anatomie Humaine, 9tth ed., G. Doin & Cie., Paris.

Nizankowski, C., Noczynski, L. and E. Suder (1982) Variability of the origin of ramifications of the subclavian artery in humans (studies on the Polish population). Folia Morphol., Warsaw 41:281-294.

Poynter, C.W.M. (1922) Congenital anomalies of the arteries and veins of the human body with bibliography. The University Studies of the University of Nebraska, Lincoln 22:1-106.

Pye-Smith, P.H., Howse, H.G., and J.C.N. Davies-Colley. (1871) Notes of abnormalities observed in the dissecting room during the winter sessions of 1868-9 and 1869-1870. Guy's Hosp. Report 16:147-164.

Read, W.T. and M. Trotter. (1941) The origins of transverse cervical and of transverse scapular arteries in American Whites and Negroes. Am. J. Phys. Anthropol. 28:239-247.

Röhlich, K. (1940-41) Über den Truncus thyreocervicalis des Menschen. Anat. Anz. 90:129-148.

Saadeh, F.A. (1979) The suprascapular artery: Case report of an unusual origin. Anat. Anz. 145:83-86.

Schaefer, E.A., Symington, J. and T.H. Bryce, Eds. (1915) Quain's Anatomy, 11th ed., Longmans, Green and Co., London.

Todaro, -. (1878) Arteria mediastinica superiore, ramo anomalo dell'arteria tiroide inferiore. Ricerche fatte nel Laboratorio di Anatomia di Roma 2 (fasc.1):179.

Varaglia,S. (1900) Di un'arteria tiroidea inferiore accessoria. Giornale della Accademia di Medicina di Torino 63:248-252

Winslow, R. (1883) A study of the malformations, variations, and anomalies of the circulatory apparatus in man. Annals of Anatomy and Surgery 7:18.

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