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Anatomy Atlases: Illustrated Encyclopedia of Human Anatomic Variation: Opus II: Cardiovascular System: Arteries: Head, Neck, and Thorax: Superficial Temporal Artery

Illustrated Encyclopedia of Human Anatomic Variation: Opus II: Cardiovascular System: Arteries: Head, Neck, and Thorax

Superficial Temporal Artery

Ronald A. Bergman, PhD
Adel K. Afifi, MD, MS
Ryosuke Miyauchi, MD

Peer Review Status: Internally Peer Reviewed


The superficial temporal occasionally gives rise to the maxillary above the zygomatic arch, or to a tympanic artery.

It may be small, in which case, it is replaced by the posterior auricular.

When enlarged, it may give rise to branches normally provided by the facial such as the lateral nasal and superior and inferior labial.

Its transverse facial branch is sometimes doubled.

The anterior temporal branch of the superficial temporal is occasionally larger than the posterior branch, and may take the place of a defective facial artery.

The transverse facial artery may arise directly from the external carotid artery.

The orbital branch of the superficial temporal artery may be larger than usual, and extends into the eyelids. Cruveilhier has seen it communicate with the supraorbital artery and supply a large part of the forehead.

Image 146


References

Bergman, R.A., Thompson, S.A., Afifi, A.K. and F.A. Saadeh. (1988) Compendium of Human Anatomic Variation: Catalog, Atlas and World Literature. Urban & Schwarzenberg, Baltimore.and Munich.

Dall'Acqua, U. (1901) L'artere temporale superficielle de l'homme. Arch. Ital. Biol. 36:347-348.

Grote, G. (1901) Die Varietäten der Arteria temporalis superficialis. Zeitschrift für Morphologie und Anthropologie 3:1-20.

Latarjet, A. (1948) Testut's Traite d'Anatomie Humaine, 9th ed., G. Doin & Cie., Paris.

Poynter, C.W.M. (1922) Congenital Anomalies of the Arteries and Veins of the Human Body with Bibliography. The University Studies of the University of Nebraska, Lincoln 22:1-106.

Schaefer, E.A., Symington, J. and T.H. Bryce., Eds. (1915) Quain's Anatomie, 11th ed. Longmans, Green and Co., London.

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