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Anatomy Atlases: Illustrated Encyclopedia of Human Anatomic Variation: Opus II: Cardiovascular System: Arteries: Head, Neck, and Thorax: Lateral Internal Thoracic Artery

Illustrated Encyclopedia of Human Anatomic Variation: Opus II: Cardiovascular System: Arteries: Head, Neck, and Thorax

Lateral Internal Thoracic Artery

Ronald A. Bergman, PhD
Adel K. Afifi, MD, MS
Ryosuke Miyauchi, MD

Peer Review Status: Internally Peer Reviewed

The internal thoracic may give rise to a lateral internal thoracic as it enters the thorax. The lateral internal thoracic runs about midway between the spine and the sternum or somewhat forward, spans up to six intercostal spaces, and anastomoses with the intercostal arteries of those spaces. A lateral internal thoracic artery may arise from the costocervical trunk, thyrocervical trunk, or ascending cervical. The possible existence of this vessel must be remembered when paracentesis is performed.

Accessory internal thoracic vessels have been reported, which may give rise to superficial or deep cervical branches. Accessory internal thoracic arteries were found in 1.6% of 60 cadavers by Nathan, et al.

Image 323, Image 324, Image 480, Image 481


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