Illustrated Encyclopedia of Human Anatomic Variation: Opus II: Cardiovascular System: Arteries: Upper Limb
Ronald A. Bergman, PhD
Adel K. Afifi, MD, MS
Ryosuke Miyauchi, MD
Peer Review Status: Internally Peer Reviewed
In 10% of cases the supreme thoracic provided a branch to the second intercostal space.
It may replace the pectoral branch of the thoracoacromial and may itself arise as a branch of the thoracoacromial artery (2.5%, Poynter).
When absent, it is represented by the lateral thoracic (0.5%) or by the thoracoacromial (2.5%).
Bergman, R.A., Thompson, S.A., Afifi, A.K. and F.A. Saadeh. (1988) Compendium of Human Anatomic Variation: Catalog, Atlas and World Literature. Urban & Schwarzenberg. Baltimore and Munich.
Bovero, A. (1907) Morphologie des arteres de la glande mammaire. Arch. Ital. Biol. 48:486-487.
DeGaris, C.F. and W.B. Swartley. (1928) The axillary artery in white and negro stocks. Am. J. Anat. 41:353-397.
Hitzrot, J.M. (1901) A composite study of the axillary artery in man. Johns Hopkins Hosp. Bull. 12:136-145.
Huelke, D.F. (1959) Variation in the origins of the branches of the axillary artery. Anat. Rec. 135:33-41.
P'an, Ming Tzu. (1940) The origin of the branches of the axillary artery in the Chinese. Am. J. Phys. Anthropol. 27:269-279.
Poynter, C.W.M. (1922) Congenital anomalies of arteries and veins of the human body with bibliography. The University Studies of the University of Nebraska. 22:1-106.
Trotter, M., Henderson, J.L., Gass, H., Brua, R.S., Weisman, S., Agress, H., Curtis, G.H. and E.R. Westbrook. (1930) The origins of branches of the axillary artery in Whites and in American Blacks. Anat. Rec. 46:133-137.
Section Top | Title Page
Please send us comments by filling out our Comment Form.
All contents copyright © 1995-2017 the Author(s) and Michael P. D'Alessandro, M.D. All rights reserved.
"Anatomy Atlases", the Anatomy Atlases logo, and "A digital library of anatomy information" are all Trademarks of Michael P. D'Alessandro, M.D.
Anatomy Atlases is funded in whole by Michael P. D'Alessandro, M.D. Advertising is not accepted.
Your personal information remains confidential and is not sold, leased, or given to any third party be they reliable or not.
The information contained in Anatomy Atlases is not a substitute for the medical care and advice of your physician. There may be variations in treatment that your physician may recommend based on individual facts and circumstances.