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Anatomy Atlases: Illustrated Encyclopedia of Human Anatomic Variation: Opus II: Cardiovascular System: Arteries: Lower Limb: Tibial and Tibialis Anterior Arteries

Illustrated Encyclopedia of Human Anatomic Variation: Opus II: Cardiovascular System: Arteries: Lower Limb

Tibial and Tibialis Anterior Arteries

Ronald A. Bergman, PhD
Adel K. Afifi, MD, MS
Ryosuke Miyauchi, MD

Peer Review Status: Internally Peer Reviewed


The tibial artery may be absent, its place being supplied by the peroneal.

The tibialis anterior artery may take a course around the lateral side of the fibula and follow the lateral aspect of the leg.

The anterior tibial may be absent, rudimentary, or highly developed.

It may terminate at the lower limit of the leg and fail to join the dorsalis pedis artery, in which case the dorsalis pedis arises from the perforating branches of the peroneal artery.

If the anterior tibial is absent, it is replaced by perforating branches from the posterior tibial in the leg, and from perforating branches from the peroneal in the foot.

In cases of a high origin, the anterior tibial may lie deep to the popliteus muscle (hence compressed against the tibia) or between this muscle and the oblique popliteal ligament.

With high origin it gives rise to branches normally originating from the popliteal and the peroneal arteries.

An enlarged anterior tibial may supply both the dorsum of the foot and the plantar arch.

The anterior tibial may become plexiform on the dorsum of the foot, giving rise to the dorsal intermetatarsals.

The tibialis anterior artery may be continuous with the peroneal in those cases where the anterior tibial is weak; this represents an early embryonal stage of development.

Image 47, Image 263, Image 463


References

See relevent references cited for the popliteal artery.

Anson, B.J., Ed. (1966) Morris' Human Anatomy, 12th ed., The Blakiston Division, McGraw-Hill Book Company, New York.

Baudet, -. (1907) Anomalie de l'artère tibiale antérieure. Toulouse Médicale 1907:155-156.

Bergman, R.A., Thompson, S.A., Afifi, A.K. and F.A. Saadeh. (1988) Compendium of Human Anatomic Variation: Catalog, Atlas and World Literature., Urban & Schwarzenberg, Baltimore and Munich.

Blume, W. (1928-29) Eine seltene Varietät im Bereich der Arteria tibialis anterior. Anat. Anz. 66:140-141.

Duroux, -., Dujol, -. and C. Gabrielle. (1952) A propos des branches de l'artère tibiale antérieure sitot après son passage au-dessus de la membrane interosseuse. Assoc. Anatomistes, Comptes Rendus. 39:151-152.

Fano, -. (1848) Anomalie des artères de la jambe. Bull. et Mém. de la Soc. Anatomique de Paris 1848:32.

Gérard, G. (1900) Anomalies artérielles. Note sur une pédieuse fournie par la péronière. Bibliographie Anatomique 8:101-102.

Porter, M.F. (1882) Abnormalities of the arterial system. Cincinnati Lancet and Clinic 9:411-412.

Poynter, C.W.M. (1922) Congenital anomalies of the arteries and veins of the human body with bibliography. University Studies of the University of Nebraska 22:1-106.

Sabatier, -. (1874) Anomalie des artères de la jambe. Lyon Médical 15:499.

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