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Anatomy Atlases: Illustrated Encyclopedia of Human Anatomic Variation: Opus II: Cardiovascular System: Arteries: Upper Limb: Superior Ulnar Collateral Artery

Illustrated Encyclopedia of Human Anatomic Variation: Opus II: Cardiovascular System: Arteries: Upper Limb

Superior Ulnar Collateral Artery

Ronald A. Bergman, PhD
Adel K. Afifi, MD, MS
Ryosuke Miyauchi, MD

Peer Review Status: Internally Peer Reviewed


The superior ulnar collateral may arise together with the profunda brachii (22%) or from a trunk common to several other branches of the axillary and brachial arteries.

When absent, the inferior ulnar collateral takes its place.

This artery frequently supplies the nutrient artery to the humerus, and provides a branch to the triceps and to the elbow joint.

A case was reported where the radial recurrent artery was absent, but was replaced by the anterior ulnar recurrent, which crossed over and ascended on the outer (lateral) side of the elbow joint.


References

Anson, B.J., Ed. (1966) Morris' Human Anatomy, 12th ed., The Blakiston Division, McGraw-Hill Book Company, New York.

Bergman, R.A., Thompson, S.A., Afifi, A.K. and F.A. Saadeh (1988) Compendium of Human Anatomic Variation: Catalog, Atlas and World Literature. Urban & Schwarzenberg., Baltimore and Munich

Cilley, J.L. (1881) A few anomalies observed in the Medical College of Ohio dissecting-rooms. The Cincinnati Lancet and Clinic 8:349.

Latarjet, A. (1948) Testut's Traite d'Anatomie Humaine, 9th ed., G.Doin & Cie., Paris.

Park, R. (1883) A record of the principal anatomical anomalies noticed during the dissection of one hundred subjects. Annals of Anatomy and Surgery 8:269.

Zagorsky, P. (1822) Duplex arteria ulnaris recurrens. Mémoires de l'Academie Impériale des Sciences de St. Pétersbourg 8:291-292.

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