Illustrated Encyclopedia of Human Anatomic Variation: Opus II: Cardiovascular System: Arteries: Pelvis
Ronald A. Bergman, PhD
Adel K. Afifi, MD, MS
Ryosuke Miyauchi, MD
Peer Review Status: Internally Peer Reviewed
Anastomoses between the inferior vesical and uterine arteries were found in 60-70% of subjects reported.
In the report of the Committee of Collective Investigation of the Anatomical Society of Great Britian and Ireland, Parsons and Keith reported on 58 observations of the inferior vesical artery. In 40 of the 58 cases (68.9%) it arose as a separate vessel from the hypogastric trunk (internal iliac); in 13 (22.4%) as a separate vessel from the anterior division; in 2 (3.5%) as a separate vessel from the internal iliac. In 3 cases (5.2%) the vessel arose in common with others, twice with the middle hæmorrhoidal (middle rectal), and once with the superior vesical; in the 2 former cases, however, there were 2 inferior vesical arteries, 1 of which came directly from the hypogastric trunk (internal iliac).
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Gladykowska-Rzeczycka, J. and M. Mieszkowska. (1977) Vascular variation in the genito-urinary system. Folia Morphol., Warsaw. 36:113-116.
Gouazé, A., Odano, R. and G. Chantepie. (1957) Contribution a l'étude de la vascularsation artérielle de la vessie. Assoc. Anatomistes, Comptes Rendus. 44:331-340.
Lipshutz, B. (1918) A composite study of the hypogastric artery and its branches. Ann. Surg. 67:584-608.
Parsons, F.G. and A. Keith. (1897) Sixth annual report of the Committee of Collective Investigation of the Anatomical Society of Great Britain and Ireland, 1985-96. J. Anat. Physiol. 31:34-44.
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