Illustrated Encyclopedia of Human Anatomic Variation: Opus II: Cardiovascular System: Arteries: Pelvis
Ronald A. Bergman, PhD
Adel K. Afifi, MD, MS
Ryosuke Miyauchi, MD
Peer Review Status: Internally Peer Reviewed
This artery, which supplies the trigone of the bladder, occurred in 48 of 66 bodies.
It may also give rise to a superior vesical artery.
Although Levi considered this artery to be absolutely constant, Dubreuil-Chambardel found it arising from a common trunk with the superior vesical. It may arise from the internal pudendal or from the trunk of the pudendal/inferior sciatic. It arises in the great majority of cases, 47 times in 50 (94%) subjects, from the internal iliac artery.
The seminal vesicles receive their blood supply from three different sources:
Clegg, E.J. (1955) The arterial supply of the human prostate and seminal vesicles. J. Anat. 89:209-216.
Curtis, A.H., Anson, B.J., Ashley, F.L. and T Jones. (1942) The blood vessels of the female pelvis in relation to gynecological surgery. Surg., Gynecol. Obstet. 75:421-423.
Gladykowska-Rzeczyka, J. and M. Mieszkowska. (1977) Vascular variation in the genito-urinary system. Folia Morphol., Warsaw. 36:113-116.
Gouazé, A., Odano, R. and G. Chantepie. (1957) Contribution a l'étude de la vascularisation arterielle de la vessie. Assoc. Anatomistes, Comptes Rendus 44:331-340.
Lipshutz, B. (1918) A composite study of the hypogastric artery and its branches. Ann. Surg. 67:584-608.
Parsons, F.G. and A. Keith. (1897) Sixth annual report of the Committee of Collective Investigation of Great Britain and Ireland. J. Anat. Physiol. 31:34-44.
Shehata, R. (1976) The arterial supply of the urinary bladder. Acta Anat. 96:128-134.
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