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Anatomy Atlases: Illustrated Encyclopedia of Human Anatomic Variation: Opus II: Cardiovascular System: Arteries: Pelvis: Vesicodeferential Artery

Illustrated Encyclopedia of Human Anatomic Variation: Opus II: Cardiovascular System: Arteries: Pelvis

Vesicodeferential Artery

Ronald A. Bergman, PhD
Adel K. Afifi, MD, MS
Ryosuke Miyauchi, MD

Peer Review Status: Internally Peer Reviewed


This artery has been well studied and has been found to arise from the umbilical in 94% of cases. It may also arise from the prostatic and from the pudendal.

This artery, which supplies the trigone of the bladder, occurred in 48 of 66 bodies.

It may also give rise to a superior vesical artery.

Although Levi considered this artery to be absolutely constant, Dubreuil-Chambardel found it arising from a common trunk with the superior vesical. It may arise from the internal pudendal or from the trunk of the pudendal/inferior sciatic. It arises in the great majority of cases, 47 times in 50 (94%) subjects, from the internal iliac artery.

The seminal vesicles receive their blood supply from three different sources:

  1. The anterosuperior face receives blood from the vesicodifferential,
  2. The posteroinferior face and inferior pole is supplied by the prostatovesical artery, and
  3. The superior pole and the superior part of the posterior face from the middle rectal artery.

References

Clegg, E.J. (1955) The arterial supply of the human prostate and seminal vesicles. J. Anat. 89:209-216.

Curtis, A.H., Anson, B.J., Ashley, F.L. and T Jones. (1942) The blood vessels of the female pelvis in relation to gynecological surgery. Surg., Gynecol. Obstet. 75:421-423.

Gladykowska-Rzeczyka, J. and M. Mieszkowska. (1977) Vascular variation in the genito-urinary system. Folia Morphol., Warsaw. 36:113-116.

Gouazé, A., Odano, R. and G. Chantepie. (1957) Contribution a l'étude de la vascularisation arterielle de la vessie. Assoc. Anatomistes, Comptes Rendus 44:331-340.

Lipshutz, B. (1918) A composite study of the hypogastric artery and its branches. Ann. Surg. 67:584-608.

Parsons, F.G. and A. Keith. (1897) Sixth annual report of the Committee of Collective Investigation of Great Britain and Ireland. J. Anat. Physiol. 31:34-44.

Shehata, R. (1976) The arterial supply of the urinary bladder. Acta Anat. 96:128-134.

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