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Anatomy Atlases: Illustrated Encyclopedia of Human Anatomic Variation: Opus II: Cardiovascular System: Veins: Head, Neck, and Thorax: Axillary Vein

Illustrated Encyclopedia of Human Anatomic Variation: Opus II: Cardiovascular System: Veins: Head, Neck, and Thorax

Axillary Vein

Ronald A. Bergman, PhD
Adel K. Afifi, MD, MS
Ryosuke Miyauchi, MD

Peer Review Status: Internally Peer Reviewed

The axillary vein may be doubled, usually forming two trunks with frequent interconnections.

The vein may lie at some distance from the artery, Poynter recorded six cases.

Great latitude must be allowed for what is considered the "usual" or average arrangement of the tributaries to the axillary vein.


Image 45A


D'Evant, T. (1894) Rara anomalia della vena ascellare. Giornale della Associazione Napoletana di Medici e Naturalisti 4:251-255.

D'Evant, T. (1895) Rare anomalie de la veine axillare. Arch. Ital. Biol. 22:155-156.

Deville, -. (1849) Passage du deux nerfs du plexus brachial à travers deux veines perforées, axillaire et un petite veine non-denommee. Bulletins et Mem. de la Société Anatomique de Paris XXIV(1):8.

Gruber, W. (1884) Weitere Nachträge in Bezug auf den anomalen infraclavicularkanal - 11. -14. Fall (Verlauf der Vena axillaris durch denselben - vorher nicht gesehen). Arch. Pathol. Anat. Physiol. Klin. Med. 98:435-440.

Picqué, R. et R. Bourguignon. (1910) Contribution a l'étude des variations morphologiques d'un tronc veineux collecteur la veine axillaire. Annales des Sciences Naturelles. Zoologie et Biologie Animale Series 9, 11:69-90.

Ramsay, A. (1813) Account of unusual conformation of some muscles and vessels. Edinburgh Medical and Surgical Journal 8:281-283.

Rominger, C.J. (1958) The normal axillary venogram. Am. J. Roentgenol. (A.J.R.) 80:217-224.

Weathersby, H.T. (1956) The valves of the axillary, subclavian and internal jugular veins. Anat. Rec. 124:379-380.

See also the general references cited for the Internal Jugular Vein.

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