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Anatomy Atlases: Illustrated Encyclopedia of Human Anatomic Variation: Opus II: Cardiovascular System: Veins: Head, Neck, and Thorax: Common Facial Vein

Illustrated Encyclopedia of Human Anatomic Variation: Opus II: Cardiovascular System: Veins: Head, Neck, and Thorax

Common Facial Vein

Ronald A. Bergman, PhD
Adel K. Afifi, MD, MS
Ryosuke Miyauchi, MD

Peer Review Status: Internally Peer Reviewed


The common facial vein may (a) cross over the sternocleidomastoid muscle and open into the the external jugular vein; (b) open into the anterior jugular vein; run beneath the posterior belly of the digastricus and stylohyoid muscles; and (d) receive the lingual vein, pharyngeal vein, or both, and the submental vein. The anterior facial vein may receive the angular, the posterior facial and the lingual veins.

References

Anson, B.J., Ed. (1966) Morris' Human Anatomy, 12th ed., The Blakiston Division, McGraw-Hill Book Company, New York.

Bergman, R.A., Thompson, S.A., Afifi, A. K. and F.A. Saadeh. (1988) Compendium of Human Anatomic Variation: Catalog, Atlas and World Literature. Urban & Schwarzenberg, Baltimore and Munich.

Bruno, G. (1924) Ricerche col metodo statistico sella morfologia delle vene della faccia e del collo nell'Uomo. Arch. Ital. Anat. Embriol. 21:273-293.

Henle, J. (1868) Handbuch der Systematischen Anatomie des Menschen. Von Friedrich Vieweg und Sohn, Braunschweig.

Latarjet, A. (1948) Testut's Traite d'Anatomie Humaine, 9th ed., G. Doin & Cie., Paris.

Mobilio, C. (1911) Sbocco della vena frontale nel seno longitudinale superiore in un bambino, con alcune considerazione sui seni della dura madre encefalica. Giornale della Accademia di Medicina di Torino 17:214-227.

Schaefer, E.A., Symington, J. and T.H. Bryce. (1915) Quain's Anatomy, 11th ed., Longmans, Green, and Co., London.

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