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Anatomy Atlases: Illustrated Encyclopedia of Human Anatomic Variation: Opus II: Cardiovascular System: Veins: Lower Limb: Femoral Vein

Illustrated Encyclopedia of Human Anatomic Variation: Opus II: Cardiovascular System: Veins: Lower Limb

Femoral Vein

Ronald A. Bergman, PhD
Adel K. Afifi, MD, MS
Ryosuke Miyauchi, MD

Peer Review Status: Internally Peer Reviewed

The femoral vein may be doubled in part of, or throughout its length.

It may split into two and encircle the femoral artery.

It occasionally passes through the adductor magnus above the femoral artery and runs independently from the artery until it joins the profunda vein to form the common femoral vein.

The femoral may run with the sciatic nerve and pierce the the adductor magnus at the level of the lesser trochanter. When this occurs, the femoral artery is usually small, and the inferior gluteal (sciatic) artery is the primary (developmental) vessel of the thigh.

A plexus forming a femoral vein has been reported.

The obturator may communicate with the femoral vein.

Image 206, Image 264A, Image 376

Lateral Femoral Circumflex and Medial Femoral Circumflex

Image 28, Image 70, Image 377


See Image 70


Arnold, G. von. (1968) Seltene Gefäss- und Muskelanomalien am Bein. Anat. Anz. 123:471-475.

Bergman, R.A., Thompson, S.A., Afifi, A.K. and F.A. Saadeh. (1988) Compendium of Human Anatomic Variation: Catalog, Atlas, and World Literature. Urban & Schwarzenberg, Baltimore and Munich.

Blair, Jr., C.B. and K. Nandy. (1965) Persistence of the axis artery of the lower limb. Anat. Rec. 152:161-172.

Charles, C.M., Finley, T.L., Baird, R.D. and J.S. Cope. (1930) On the termination of the circumflex veins of the thigh. Anat. Rec. 46:125-132.

Daseler, E.H., Anson, B.J., Reimann, A.F. and L.E. Beaton. (1946) The saphenous veinous tributaries and related structures in relation to the technique of high ligation. Surg., Gynecol. Obstet. 83:53-63.

Edwards, E.A. and J.D. Roebuck. (1947) Applied anatomy of the femoral vein and its tributaries. Surg., Gynecol. Obstet. 85:547-557.

Gruber, W. (1872) Anomalie Mündung der Vena saphena parva in die Vena cruralis. Arch. Pathol. Anat. Physiol. Klin. Med. 54:189.

Gruber, W. (1867) Anomale Mündung der Ven saphena parva in die Vena cruralis. Archiv. f. Pathologische Anatomie u. Physiologie u. f. Klinische Medicin 54:189.

Krahn, V. and H. Luzius. (1977) Besondere Lagebeziehungen kleiner Arterien zur Vena saphena magna im Bereich ihrer Einmündung in die Vena femoralis. Anat. Anz. 141:285-291.

Le Dentu, -. (1867) Nouvelles recherchés sur la circulation veineuse de la jambe et du pied. Bulletins et Mem. de la Société Anatomique de Paris XLII(12):677-680.

Nuzzi, O. (1943) Studio anatomica su particolari rapporti fra vene e arteria femorale nel settore medio della coscia. Archiv. Ital. Anat. Embriol. 48:1-21

Poynter, C.W.M. (1922) Congenital Anomalies of the arteries and veins of the human body with bibliography. The University Studies of the University of Nebraska. 22:1-106.

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