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Anatomy Atlases: Illustrated Encyclopedia of Human Anatomic Variation: Opus II: Cardiovascular System: Veins: Abdomen: Left Gastric Vein

Illustrated Encyclopedia of Human Anatomic Variation: Opus II: Cardiovascular System: Veins: Abdomen

Left Gastric Vein

Ronald A. Bergman, PhD
Adel K. Afifi, MD, MS
Ryosuke Miyauchi, MD

Peer Review Status: Internally Peer Reviewed


In a study of 220 cadavers, the left gastric was an affluent of the portal vein in about 67% of cases and of the splenic (lienal) vein in about 33%.

A literature review of the studies of 15 authors showed that of 1383 patients, the left gastric joined the portal vein in 54%, the splenoportal junction in 16%, and the splenic vein in 29%. In the remainder, the site of junction was not reported. There were no sex or ethnic differences noted.

The left gastric vein may terminate intrahepatically.


References

Anson, B.J.,Ed. (1966) Morris' Human Anatomy, 12th ed. The Blakiston Division, McGraw-Hill Book Company, New York.

Bergman, R.A., Thompson, S.A., Afifi, A.K. and F.A. Saadeh. (1988) Compendium of Human Anatomic Variation: Catalog, Atlas and World Literature. Urban & Schwarzenberg, Baltimore and Munich.

Davis, R.A., Milloy, F.J. and B.J. Anson. (1958) Lumbar, renal, and associated parietal and visceral veins based upon a study of 100 specimens. Surg., Gynecol. Obstet. 107:1-22.

Didio, L.J.A. (1961) The termination of the vena gastrica sinistra in 220 cadavers. Anat. Rec. 141:141-144.

Schaefer, E.A., Symington, J. and T.H. Bryce, Eds. (1915) Quain's Anatomy, 11th ed.. Longmans, Green, and Co., London.

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