Illustrated Encyclopedia of Human Anatomic Variation: Opus II: Cardiovascular System: Veins: Abdomen
Ronald A. Bergman, PhD
Adel K. Afifi, MD, MS
Ryosuke Miyauchi, MD
Peer Review Status: Internally Peer Reviewed
In a case of doubled inferior vena cava, a left ovarian was found draining into the left inferior vena cava.
The gonadal vein may be represented by several vessels or may form a plexus.
The veins may be partially divided into two parts permitting passage of the gonadal arteries through the cleft vessels.
The gonadals may receive a duodenal or a suprarenal vein.
Poynter reported a spermatic vein consisting of a number of intercommunicating trunks, some of which opened into the common iliac vein.
Zumstein found that the right spermatic opened into the right renal vein 4 times in 220 observations.
See also the Renal Vein.
Image 2, Image 3, Image 4, Image 204, Image 373X
Bergman, R.A., Thompson, S.A., Afifi, A.K. and F.A. Saadeh. (1988) Compendium of Human Anatomic Variation: Catalog, Atlas and World Literature. Urban & Schwarzenberg, Baltimore and Munich.
Davis, R.A., Milloy, F.J. and B.J. Anson. (1958) Lumbar, Renal, and associated parietal and visceral veins based upon a study of 100 specimens. Surg., Gynecol. Obstet. 107:1-22.
Krizan, Z. (1958) über eine ungewöhnliche Mündung der Vena ovarica dextra beim Menschen. Anat. Anz. 105:328-331.
Macalister, A. (1868) Irregularity of the spermatic vein. The Medical Press and Circular 5:304.
Poynter, C.W.M. (1922) Congenital anomalies of the arteries and veins of the human body with bibliography. The University Studies of the University of Nebraska. 22:1-106.
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