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Anatomy Atlases: Illustrated Encyclopedia of Human Anatomic Variation: Opus II: Cardiovascular System: Veins: Head, Neck, and Thorax: Internal Jugular Vein

Illustrated Encyclopedia of Human Anatomic Variation: Opus II: Cardiovascular System: Veins: Head, Neck, and Thorax

Internal Jugular Vein

Ronald A. Bergman, PhD
Adel K. Afifi, MD, MS
Ryosuke Miyauchi, MD

Peer Review Status: Internally Peer Reviewed


This vein may course in front of, or rarely, behind the common carotid.

The jugular bulb may lie exposed within the middle ear cavity.

The vein may be rudimentary, its blood return taken over by the external jugular.

Unusual tributaries of the internal jugular include the supreme thoracic, bronchial, superior laryngeal, palatine, superficial cervical, vertebral, suprascapular, and transverse cervical veins.

Image 270, Image 427


References

Anson, B.J,Ed. (1966) Morris' Human Anatomy, 12th ed., The Blakiston Division, McGraw-Hill Book Company, New York.

Bergman, R.A., Thompson, S.A., Afifi, A.K. and F.A. Saadeh. (1988) Compendium of Human Anatomic Variation: Catalog, Atlas and World Literature. Urban & Schwarzenberg, Baltimore and Munich.

Henle, J. (1868) Handbuch der Systematischen Anatomie des Menschen, Von Freidrich Vieweg und Sohn, Braunschweig.

Huber, G.C., Ed. (1930) Piersol's Human Anatomy, 9th ed., L.B. Lippincott co., Philadelphia.

Kopsch, F. (1908) Rauber's Lehrbuch und Atlas der Anatomie des Menschen. Georg Thieme, Leipzig.

Latarjet, A. (1948) Testut's Traite d'Anatomie Humaine, 9th ed., G. Doin & Cie. Paris.

Notta, A. (1847) Note sur une anomalie veineuse observée à la partie antèrieure du cou. Bulls. et Méms. de la Soc. Anatomique de Paris 1847: 16-19.

Schaefer, E.A., Symington, J., T.H. Bryce. (1915) Quain's Anatomy, 11th ed., Longmans, Green, and Co., London.

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