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Anatomy Atlases: Illustrated Encyclopedia of Human Anatomic Variation: Opus II: Cardiovascular System: Veins: Abdomen: Inferior Mesenteric Vein

Illustrated Encyclopedia of Human Anatomic Variation: Opus II: Cardiovascular System: Veins: Abdomen

Inferior Mesenteric Vein

Ronald A. Bergman, PhD
Adel K. Afifi, MD, MS
Ryosuke Miyauchi, MD

Peer Review Status: Internally Peer Reviewed

This vein usually, but not always, joins the superior mesenteric and splenic to form the portal vein.

In many cases, the inferior mesenteric vein joins the splenic or superior mesenteric vein in a highly variable manner.

The inferior mesenteric vein has been found draining into the left renal vein which joined, as usual, the inferior vena cava.


Bergman, R.A., Thompson, S.A., Afifi, A.K. and F.A. Saadeh. (1988) Compendium of Human Anatomic Variation: Catalog, Atlas and World Literature. Urban & Schwarzenberg, Baltimore and Munich.

Davis, R.A., Milloy, F.J. and B.J. Anson. (1958) Lumbar, renal, and associated parietal and visceral veins based upon 100 specimens. Surg., Gynecol. Obstet. 107:1-22.

Gollot, C., Húreau, J., Aaron, C. and R. Martini. (1962) La veine mésentérique supérieur. Mémoire du Laboratoire d'Anatomie de la Faculté de Médecine de Paris. No. 2, 1962.

Heppner, C.L. (1863) Ein Fall von Bildungshemmung des Mesenterium und Rudiment der Vasa omphalo-enterica. St. Petersburger Medicinische Zeitschrift 4:297-303.

Schaefer, E.A., Symington, J. and T.H. Bryce, Eds. (1915) Quain's Anatomy, 11th ed. Longmans, Green, and Co., London.

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