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Anatomy Atlases: Illustrated Encyclopedia of Human Anatomic Variation: Opus II: Cardiovascular System: Veins: Abdomen: Superior Mesenteric Vein

Illustrated Encyclopedia of Human Anatomic Variation: Opus II: Cardiovascular System: Veins: Abdomen

Superior Mesenteric Vein

Ronald A. Bergman, PhD
Adel K. Afifi, MD, MS
Ryosuke Miyauchi, MD

Peer Review Status: Internally Peer Reviewed

This vein is extremely variable in origin, although its area of drainage and course are reasonably constant.

It may have between 10 and 15 tributaries.

The superior mesenteric vein may receive an accessory splenic and sometimes drains into a renal vein.

The anterior and posterior inferior pancreaticoduodenal veins drain into the first jejunal vein in 70% of individuals or into the superior mesenteric vein as separtate tributaries or in a common trunk in 30%.


Davis, R.A., Milloy, F.J. and B.J. Anson. (1958) Lumbar, renal, and associated parietal and visceral veins based upon a study of 100 specimens. Surg., Gynecol. Obstet. 107:1-22.

Gillot, C., Hureau, J., Aaron, C., Martini, R. and G.Thaler. (1964) The superior mesenteric vein. An anatomic and surgical study of eighty-one subjects. J. Internat. Coll. Surgeons 41:339-369.

Tillaux, -. (1858-1859) Veine mésentérique anormale; se rendant dans une veine rénale. Bulletins et Mem. de la Société Anatomique de Paris XXXIV(5):36.

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