Anatomy Atlases(tm) : A digital library of anatomy information

Home | About | FAQ | Reviews | Search

Anatomy Atlases: Illustrated Encyclopedia of Human Anatomic Variation: Opus II: Cardiovascular System: Veins: Head, Neck, and Thorax: Superior Ophthalmic Vein

Illustrated Encyclopedia of Human Anatomic Variation: Opus II: Cardiovascular System: Veins: Head, Neck, and Thorax

Superior Ophthalmic Vein

Ronald A. Bergman, PhD
Adel K. Afifi, MD, MS
Ryosuke Miyauchi, MD

Peer Review Status: Internally Peer Reviewed

The ophthalmic vein may open into the circular sinus or it may establish connections with cerebral veins. [The circular sinus encircles the hypophysis cerebri. It is composed of the two cavernous sinuses and their communications across the median line by means of the anterior and posterior intercavernous sinuses. The intercavernous sinuses are small and they cross the median line at the front and back of the hypophysis.]

The superior ophthalmic vein may have no deep connections and may open into the frontal or supraorbital vein.

A secondary connection with with the sagittal sinus may be made.

The lacrimal vein may remain independent and open into the cavernous sinus or be connected with the temporal vein.

The ophthalmicomeningeal vein (of Hyrtl) is an anatomosis between the meningeal and cerebral veins. A small inferior cerebral vein, the ophthalmomeningeal vein, establishes a communication between the cerebral veins and those of the orbit. It communicates with the veins of the base of the brain and is usually drained by the superior ophthalmic vein. It occasionally opens into the superior petrosal sinus.


Anson, B.J., Ed. (1966) Morris' Human Anatomy, 12th ed., The Blakiston Division, McGraw-Hill Book Company, New York.

Poynter, C.W.M. (1922) Congenital Anomalies of the arteries and veins of the human body with bibliography. The University Studies of the University of Nebraska 22:1-106.

Section Top | Title Page

Home | About Us | FAQ | Reviews | Contact Us | Search

Anatomy Atlases is curated by Michael P. D'Alessandro, M.D. and Ronald A. Bergman, Ph.D.

Please send us comments by filling out our Comment Form.

All contents copyright © 1995-2018 the Author(s) and Michael P. D'Alessandro, M.D. All rights reserved.

"Anatomy Atlases", the Anatomy Atlases logo, and "A digital library of anatomy information" are all Trademarks of Michael P. D'Alessandro, M.D.

Anatomy Atlases is funded in whole by Michael P. D'Alessandro, M.D. Advertising is not accepted.

Your personal information remains confidential and is not sold, leased, or given to any third party be they reliable or not.

The information contained in Anatomy Atlases is not a substitute for the medical care and advice of your physician. There may be variations in treatment that your physician may recommend based on individual facts and circumstances.