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Anatomy Atlases: Illustrated Encyclopedia of Human Anatomic Variation: Opus II: Cardiovascular System: Veins: Lower Limb: Popliteal Vein

Illustrated Encyclopedia of Human Anatomic Variation: Opus II: Cardiovascular System: Veins: Lower Limb

Popliteal Vein

Ronald A. Bergman, PhD
Adel K. Afifi, MD, MS
Ryosuke Miyauchi, MD

Peer Review Status: Internally Peer Reviewed

The popliteal vein may lie between the artery and the bone.

It is sometimes doubled in part of, or throughout the popliteal space. One investigator found this to occur in 17 of 20 subjects (85%) and Poynter found it in 40% of his subjects

The doubled veins may unite in front and behind the artery to form a plexus around that vessel.

A third head of the gastrocnemius muscle may compromise the entire neurovascular bundle or its separated parts (artery, vein or nerve).

Image 131, Image 225, Image 242, Image 435


See Image 225


Arnold, G. (1968) Seltene Gefass, und Muskalanomalien am bein. Anat. Anz. 123:471-475

Auvray, -. (1898) Plexus veineux du creux poplité. Bull. de la Soc. Anatomique de Paris 1898:132.

Beaumanoir, (de Brest.), -. (1882) Anomalies artèrielles trouvées a l'autopsie d'un sujet. Bull. de La Soc. Anatomique de Paris 57:316-321.

Bergman, R.A., Thompson, S.A., Afifi, A.K. and F.A. Saadeh. (1988) Compendium of Human Anatomic Variation: Catalog, Atlas and World Literature. Urban & Schwarzenberg, Baltimore and Munich.

Connell, J. (1978) Popliteal vein entrapment. Br. J. Surg. 65:351.

Davidson, D.G. (1891) Abnormal arrangements of the veins about the popliteal space. J. Anat. Physiol. 25:154.

Dieulafé, L. (1904) Variations de la veine poplitée. Toulouse Médical 6:78-80.

Langer, C. (1867) Ueber Duplicität der Schenkel-Vene. Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift 17 (Nr. 22): 337-339.

Poynter, C.W.M. (1922) Congenital anomalies of the arteries and veins of the human body with bibliography. The University Studies of the University of Nebraska 22:1-106.

Robineau, -. (1897) Bifurcation de la veine poplitée. Bull. et Mém. de la Soc. Anatomique de Paris 11:184-185.

Williams, A.F. (1953) the formation of the popliteal vein. Surg, Gynecal. Obstet. 99:769-722.

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