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Anatomy Atlases: Illustrated Encyclopedia of Human Anatomic Variation: Opus II: Cardiovascular System: Veins: Head, Neck, and Thorax: Vertebral Vein

Illustrated Encyclopedia of Human Anatomic Variation: Opus II: Cardiovascular System: Veins: Head, Neck, and Thorax

Vertebral Veins

Ronald A. Bergman, PhD
Adel K. Afifi, MD, MS
Ryosuke Miyauchi, MD

Peer Review Status: Internally Peer Reviewed


A vertebral vein may have two roots that encircle the corresponding subclavian vein.

It may receive the upper intercostal veins as tributaries.

It has been found passing in front of the clavicle.


References

Batson, O.V. (1940) The function of the vertebral veins and their role in the spread of metastases. Ann. Surg. 112:138-149.

Batson, O.V. (1957) The vertebral vein system. Am. J. Roentgenol. 78:195-212.

See also general references cited for the Internal Jugular Vein.

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