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Anatomy Atlases: Illustrated Encyclopedia of Human Anatomic Variation: Opus I: Muscular System: Alphabetical Listing of Muscles: A: Anconeus

Illustrated Encyclopedia of Human Anatomic Variation: Opus I: Muscular System: Alphabetical Listing of Muscles: A

Anconeus

Ronald A. Bergman, PhD
Adel K. Afifi, MD, MS
Ryosuke Miyauchi, MD

Peer Review Status: Internally Peer Reviewed


Anconeus may be united, in varying degrees, with triceps, extensor carpi ulnaris, or epitrochleoanconeus (if present). It may represent a portion of the triceps that has been segmented off in this position. Frequently referred to as the fourth head of triceps, this muscle may also be absent. The muscle may also be represented by a fibrous band. See also triceps brachii.

Syn.: m. anconeus quartus, anconeus parvus, Knorrenmuskel.


References

Henle, J. (1871) Handbuch der Muskellehre des Menschen, in Handbuch der systematischen Anatomie des Menschen. Verlag von Friedrich Vieweg und Sohn, Braunschweig.

Macalister, A.. (1875) Additional observations on muscular anomalies in human anatomy (third series), with a catalogue of the principal muscular variations hitherto published. Trans. Roy. Irish Acad. Sci. 25:1-134.

LeDouble, A.F (1897) Traité des Variations du Système Musculaire de l'Homme et leur Signification au Point de Vue de l'Anthropologie Zoologique. Libraire C. Reinwald, Schleicher Freres, Paris.

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