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Anatomy Atlases: Illustrated Encyclopedia of Human Anatomic Variation: Opus I: Muscular System: Alphabetical Listing of Muscles: F:

Illustrated Encyclopedia of Human Anatomic Variation: Opus I: Muscular System: Alphabetical Listing of Muscles: F

Flexor Hallucis Brevis

Ronald A. Bergman, PhD
Adel K. Afifi, MD, MS
Ryosuke Miyauchi, MD

Peer Review Status: Internally Peer Reviewed


The flexor brevis is often fused with the adductor. It may be covered by the abductor hallucis and short flexor of the toes. A slip (opponens hallucis), which is attached to the first metatarsal bone has been described. Sometimes this slip is separated from the rest of the muscle and is inserted on the length of the metatarsal shaft.

Occasionally, another slip of muscle is observed arising from the cuneiform bone and joining the medial head of the muscle at its insertion. Flexor hallucis brevis occasionally sends a slip to the proximal phalanx of the second toe.

The proximal tendon of flexor hallucis brevis may receive a tendinous slip from tibialis posterior (Toldt) .

Syn.: Flexor brevis hallucis.


References

Anson, B.J., Ed. (1966) Morris' Human Anatomy, 12th. ed., The Blakiston Division, McGraw-Hill Book Company, New York.

Henle, J. (1871) Handbuch der Muskellehre des Menschen, in Handbuch der sytematischen Anatomie des Menschen. Verlag von Friedrich Vieweg und Sohn, Braunschweig.

LeDouble, A.F. (1897) Traité des Variations du Système Musculaire de L'Homme et leur Signification au Point de L'Anthropologie Zoologique. Libraire C. Reinwald, Schleicher Freres, Paris.

Macalister, A. (1875) Additional observations on muscular anomalies in human anatomy (third series), with a catalogue of the principal muscular variations hitherto published. Trans. Roy. Irish Acad. Sci. 25:1-134.

Testut, L.. (1884) Les Anomalies Musculaires Chez LHomme Expliques par L'Anatomie Comparée. Masson, Paris.

Williams, P.L., Warwick, R., Dyson, M., and L.H. Bannister, Eds (1989) Gray's Anatomy, 37th ed., Churchill Livingstone, Edinburgh.

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