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Anatomy Atlases: Illustrated Encyclopedia of Human Anatomic Variation: Opus I: Muscular System: Alphabetical Listing of Muscles: H:

Illustrated Encyclopedia of Human Anatomic Variation: Opus I: Muscular System: Alphabetical Listing of Muscles: H


Ronald A. Bergman, PhD
Adel K. Afifi, MD, MS
Ryosuke Miyauchi, MD

Peer Review Status: Internally Peer Reviewed

Fibers arising from the the lesser cornu of the hyoid bone and inserting on the dorsum of the tongue are frequently separate from the hyoglossus and have been named chondroglossus.

The fibers arising from the body of the hyoid are frequently separated by a distinct interval from those arising from the greater cornu, the former constituting the basioglossus and the latter, the ceratoglossus.

A bundle of fibers, forming triticeoglossus, arise from the cartilago triticea, passing proximally and forward to insert along with the posterior fibers of the hyoglossus. Geniohyoid, which may be doubled bilaterally, may originate from hyoglossus fibers.


Anson, B.J., Ed. (1966) Morris' Human Anatomy,12th ed. The Blakiston Division, McGraw-Hill Book Company, New York.

Kamijo, Y. (1955) Anatomical studies on the M. geniohyoideus and the diagastricus mandibulae. Kaibogaku Zasshi 30: Supple. Kanto 3-4.

LeDouble, A.F. (1897) Traité des Variations du Système de l'Homme et Leur Signification au Point de l'Anthropologie Zoologique. Libraire C. Reinwald, Schlecher Freres.

Luschka, H. von (1868) Der Musc. hyo- und genio-epiglotticus. Arch. Anat. Physiol. Wissen Med. 1868: 224-230.

Macalister, A. (1875) Observations on muscular anomalies in the human anatomy. Third series with a catalogue of the principal muscular variations hitherto published. Trans. Roy. Irish Acad. Sci. 25:1-134.

Mori, M. (1964) Statistics on the musculature of the Japanese. Okajimas Fol. Anat. Jap. 40: 195-300.

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