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Anatomy Atlases: Illustrated Encyclopedia of Human Anatomic Variation: Opus I: Muscular System: Alphabetical Listing of Muscles: P: Palmaris Brevis

Illustrated Encyclopedia of Human Anatomic Variation: Opus I: Muscular System: Alphabetical Listing of Muscles: P

Palmaris Brevis

Ronald A. Bergman, PhD
Adel K. Afifi, MD, MS
Ryosuke Miyauchi, MD

Peer Review Status: Internally Peer Reviewed
This muscle is rarely absent (about 2% of individuals), but varies greatly in its size and strength and in its length and direction. It is sometimes found joining flexor digiti minimi brevis. It may insert onto the pisiform bone.

The palmaris brevis may be doubled and may simulate a soft-tissue tumor of the hand.

Syn.: m. palmaris cutaneus, cavo quadrata manus, Peaucier de la main (Cruveilhier).


Anson, B.J., Ed. (1966) Morris' Human Anatomy, 12th ed. The Blakiston Division, McGraw-Hill Book Company, New York.

Henle, J. (1871) Handbuch der Muskellehre des Menschen, in Handbuch der systematischen Anatomie des Menschen. Verlag von Friedrich Vieweg und Sohn, Braunschweig.

Lipscomb, P.R. (1960) Duplication of hypothenar muscles simulating soft-tissue tumor of the hand: Report of a case. J. Bone Joint Surg. A 42:1058-1061.

Macalister, A. (1875) Observations on muscular anomalies in the human anatomy. Third series with a catalogue of the principal muscular variations hitherto published. Trans. Roy. Irish Acad. Sci. 25:1-130.

Stark, H.H., Otter, T.A., Boyes, J.H. and T.A. Richards. (1979) "Atavistic contrahentes digitorum" and associated muscle abnormalities of the hand: a cause of symptoms. J. Bone Joint Surg. A 61:286-289.

Thomas, Jr., C.G. (1958) Clinical manifestations of an accessory palmaris muscle. J. Bone Joint Surg. A 40:929-930.

Wood, J. (1868) Variations in human myology observed during the winter session of 1867-68 at King's College, London. Proc Roy. Soc. Lond. B 17:483-525.

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