Illustrated Encyclopedia of Human Anatomic Variation: Opus I: Muscular System: Alphabetical Listing of Muscles: Q
Ronald A. Bergman, PhD
Adel K. Afifi, MD, MS
Ryosuke Miyauchi, MD
Peer Review Status: Internally Peer Reviewed
Hallett and Schwegel reported it absent and replaced by an unusually thick (large) obturator internus muscle.
Syn.: Quarré fémoral.
Bellamy, E. (1875) Note on the absence of the quadratus femoris muscle and on a spine possessing a sixth lumbar vertebra, the first rib being rudimentary. J. Anat. Physiol. 9:185-186.
Gruber, W. (1879) Nachtrag zu den Beobachtungen über den Mangel des Musculus quadratus femoris. Arch. Path. Anat. Physiol. Klin. Med. 77:31.
Henle, J. (1871) Handbuch der Muskellehre des Menschen, in Handbuch der systematischen Anatomie des Menschen. Verlag von Friedrich Vieweg und Sohn, Braunschweig.
Macalister, A. (1875) Observations on the muscular anomalies in the human anatomy. Third series with a catalogue of the principal muscular variations hitherto published. Trans. Roy. Irish Acad. Sci. 25:1-130.
Stibbe, E.P. (1930) Anatomical notes: Complete absence of the quadratus femoris. J. Anat. 64:97.Section Top |Title Page
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