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Anatomy Atlases: Illustrated Encyclopedia of Human Anatomic Variation: Opus I: Muscular System: Alphabetical Listing of Muscles: S: Sphincter Urethrae

Illustrated Encyclopedia of Human Anatomic Variation: Opus I: Muscular System: Alphabetical Listing of Muscles: S

Sphincter Urethrae

Ronald A. Bergman, PhD
Adel K. Afifi, MD, MS
Ryosuke Miyauchi, MD

Peer Review Status: Internally Peer Reviewed
There is considerable variation in the muscles composing the urethral sphincter.


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Jackson, C.M., Ed. Morris' Human Anatomy, 9th Ed. P. Blakiston's Son & Co., Inc., Philadelphia, 1993.

Kopsch, F. Rauber's Lerbuch der Anatomie des Menschen. Georg Thieme, Leipzig, 1908.

Latarjet, A. Testut's Traite D'Anatomie Humaine, 9th Ed. G. Doin & Cie., Paris, 1948.

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