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Anatomy Atlases: Illustrated Encyclopedia of Human Anatomic Variation: Opus I: Muscular System: Alphabetical Listing of Muscles: T: Tensor Fasciae Latae

Illustrated Encyclopedia of Human Anatomic Variation: Opus I: Muscular System: Alphabetical Listing of Muscles: T

Tensor Fasciae Latae

Ronald A. Bergman, PhD
Adel K. Afifi, MD, MS
Ryosuke Miyauchi, MD

Peer Review Status: Internally Peer Reviewed
This muscle is occasionally found doubled longitudinally, partially or completely. Accessory slips have been reported proceeding from the iliac crest, inguinal ligament, or aponeurosis of the abdominal wall. Union with gluteus maximus has been observed.

This muscle is considered by some authors to be an atrophied relic of a "deltoid" of the hip.

The muscle may be absent.

The tensor fasciae latae and the gluteus maximus represent separated portions of a muscle known as the ilio-tibialis in reptilia (Iguana). The ilio-tibial band represents the original insertion of the muscle and the gluteal part has found a femoral attachment.

Syn.: m. tensor vaginae femoris, membranosus. s. aponeuroticus, fascialis.

Reference
Anson, B.J., Ed. (1966) Morris' Human Anatomy,12th ed. The Blakiston Division, McGraw-Hill Book Company, New York.

Fukumoto, N. (1935) On the tensor fasciae latae. Fukuoka Ikadaigaku Zasshi 28:991-1000. In Japanese.

Gruber, W. (1881) Vollständiger Mangel des Musculus tensor fasciae latae beim Menschen. Arch. Path. Anat. Physiol. Klin. Med. 86:471-491.

Henle, J. (1871) Handbuch der Muskellehre des Menschen, in Handbuch der systematischen Anatomie des Menschen. Verlag von Friedrich Vieweg und Sohn, Braunschweig.

Testut, L. (1884) Les Anomalies Musculaires Chez l'Homme Expliques par l'Anatomie Comparée. Masson, Paris, 1884.

Schaefer, E.A., Symington, J. and T.H. Bryce.,Eds. (1923) Quain's Elements of Anatomy, 11th ed. Longmans, Green and Co., London.

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