Illustrated Encyclopedia of Human Anatomic Variation: Opus III: Nervous System: Plexuses
Ronald A. Bergman, PhD
Adel K. Afifi, MD, MS
Ryosuke Miyauchi, MD
Peer Review Status: Internally Peer Reviewed
It may pierce and supply a branch to m. subscapularis.
Branches to the long head of the triceps and infraspinatus muscles have been described.
The nerve to teres major may arise from the axillary nerve instead of the lower subscapular nerve.
The axillary and lower subscapular nerves have been found traversing subscapularis beneath an accessory subscapular muscle. Breisch considered the arrangement a possible nerve entrapment site.
Image 31A Image 31B Image 31C Image 31D Image 31E Image 31F
Image 31G Image 31H Image 31I Image 31J
Birmingham, A. (1889) Homology and innervation of the achselbogen and pectoralis quartus, and the nature of the lateral cutaneous nerve of the thorax. J. Anat. Physiol. 23:206-223.
Breisch, E.A. (1986) A rare variation: the relationship of the axillary and inferior subscapular nerves to an accessory subscapularis muscle. Anat. Rec. 216:440-442.
Henle, J. (1868) Handbuch der Systematischen Anatomy des Menschen. von Friedrich Vieweg und Sohn., Braunschweig.
Gerard, G. and P. Cordier. (1920) Anomalies dans la distribution du nerf circonflex. Soc. Biol. Comptes Rendus Hebdomadaires des Séances et Mémoires 83:927-929.
Latarjet, A. (1948) Testut's Traité d'Anatomie Humaine, 9th ed., G. Doin & Cie., Paris.
Schaefer, E.A., Symington, J. and T.H. Bryce, Eds. (1915) Quain's Anatomy, 11th ed., Longmans, Green, and Co., London.
Section Top | Title Page
Please send us comments by filling out our Comment Form.
All contents copyright © 1995-2017 the Author(s) and Michael P. D'Alessandro, M.D. All rights reserved.
"Anatomy Atlases", the Anatomy Atlases logo, and "A digital library of anatomy information" are all Trademarks of Michael P. D'Alessandro, M.D.
Anatomy Atlases is funded in whole by Michael P. D'Alessandro, M.D. Advertising is not accepted.
Your personal information remains confidential and is not sold, leased, or given to any third party be they reliable or not.
The information contained in Anatomy Atlases is not a substitute for the medical care and advice of your physician. There may be variations in treatment that your physician may recommend based on individual facts and circumstances.