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Anatomy Atlases: Illustrated Encyclopedia of Human Anatomic Variation: Opus III: Nervous System: Sympathetic Division: Cervical Rami Communicantes

Illustrated Encyclopedia of Human Anatomic Variation: Opus III: Nervous System: Sympathetic Division

Cervical Rami Communicantes

Ronald A. Bergman, PhD
Adel K. Afifi, MD, MS
Ryosuke Miyauchi, MD

Peer Review Status: Internally Peer Reviewed


Communicating branches between the cervical sympathetic trunk and descendens cervicalis are variable. In one study, the following patterns were noted: communicating branches were found (a) between the superior cervical ganglion and descendens cervicalis; (b) joining C2 and C3; and (c) variably joining the connecting loop between C2 and C3.

Image 43


References

Rodrigues, A. (1930) Le descendens cervicalis chez l'homme et chez les mammifères (quelques notes sur son évolution phylogenique). Assoc. Anatomistes Comptes Rendus 25:267-282.

Rodrigues, A. (1930) Communicating branches between the cervical sympathetic and the descendens cervicalis. J. Anat. 64:308-318.

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